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Diversity makes the difference!: Gender considerations for promoting an equitable access to and fair sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of biodiversity

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L. Aguilar
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Gender equity is a fundamental issue in the conservation of biological diversity. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) recognises the specific role that women play in the sustainable use of biodiversity resources and affirms the need to guarantee their full participation at all levels of policy making and execution. For example, in rural areas women are usually responsible for crop sowing and harvesting, and for the preservation of valuable genetic resources. Women often have exclusive responsibility for tasks such as managing selective hunting patterns, grazing rights, and wood-cutting restrictions. This report, prepared for the Seventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, particularly stresses the importance of gender equity in connection with the use and distribution of genetic resources. In order to move towards an equitable access and sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources, it is essential to take into consideration that:- It is necessary to make visible the differentiated role that women and men play in biodiversity conservation- Such role should be valued in its broadest scope and special attention should be given to the importance of the ancestral knowledge possessed by women about biological diversity resources- Only when the knowledge and contributions made by women are clearly acknowledged and valued, will it be possible to promote an effective participation of women in decision-making at the local and international levels

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