This paper presents issues that are driving the process of mainstreaming climate change into development plans. By recognising that there are variations in low carbon development (LCD), the paper maps out the diversity of understandings and interpretations with a range of possibilities that countries can consider.
It indicates that the task of resolving climate problems cannot be achieved without the participation of citizens. This is because the cause of climate change is located within the activities of individuals, households and communities, and its impact will be felt at local and community levels, especially in poor countries where the resources for adaptation are likely to remain scarce.
The authors conclude that there is no alternative for countries but to incorporate low carbon measurement in their development policies. The reality of climate change demands it, and there are also clear benefits in pursuing such for policies.
The report gives the following recommendations:
There is a need for creativity in mobilising financial and human resources for low carbon development.
Build institutions that can support local innovation, promote meaningful citizen participation, raise finance and ensure that low carbon initiatives are framed within the broader principles of sustainable development.
There is a need for initiating a national dialogue around low carbon development, which has a local and national ownership and identity.
There is a need to respond effectively in carbon reduction measures and build resilience at the local levels by placing the community as the central driving force of this process.