The concept of decentralised disaster risk management (DDRM) derives its insights from community-based disaster management (CBDM) in South Asia. As well as community ownership and leadership in risk reduction activities, the DDRM approach emphasizes the need for local level governance institutions to also be actively engaged in risk reduction.
This training programme has been designed to famliarise participants with disaster management concepts such as vulnerability, risk, hazard and probability. It then looks at how to use these concepts as tools for proper decision making in disaster management. Tools provided include sample presentations, tips for facilitators, session plans and an overall schedule for the programme. Examples are specific to Sri Lanka but can be used to structure similar programmes elsewhere. The programme has been designed to be delivered over three days as a residential workshop. Sessions include presentations, discussions and group work. The programme is divided into four modules covering:
concepts in disaster management, reviewing key international events and paradigm changes, understanding hazard, vulnerability and risk and approaches to disaster management
the changing role of communities in the developing world from Community Based Disaster Management (CBDM) to Decentralised Disaster Risk Management (DDRM)
entry points in Sri Lanka and its challenges
livelihoods development, models and approaches