This 'Perspectives' publication focuses on how to close the gap between technology needs and implementation in support of Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement. What are the pathways to realising technology development and transfer? And what are the main opportunities for, and constraints to, progress?

These questions are addressed by a diversity of authors, who offer their evidence-based views and opinions applied to their technology or sector-specific area of expertise. In doing so, the collection aims to stimulate, or contribute to, relevant debates in the area of climate technology development and transfer in the Global South.

In this collection, 'implementation' is defined as something broader than investment in low-carbon and climate resilient development, though investment is ultimately what is needed, at scale, if countries are to meet their NDC targets.

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