Agriculture in developing countries must change significantly to meet the related challenges of food security and climate change. This edition of Joto Afrika shows that in Africa, there are numerous proven, low-cost, climate-smart agricultural innovations that smallholders can adopt. But the potential for these to play a significant role in increasing the climate resilience of food production systems has largely not yet been realized. Expanding the range of innovations available for climate risk management is imperative. NARS should promote participatory action research and work with communities and extension workers. Communities should embrace this participation through farmer research groups, and gathering and documenting traditional knowledge on adaptation technologies. This issue focuses on best practice on adaptation and mitigations in Kenya highlighting key recommendations.