The working paper is to inform decision makers involved in Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) preparation on the role that the RAC sector could play in countries’ INDC implementation as a key sector to achieve the goals formulated in the INDC. The paper briefly introduces the latest UNFCCC developments, GHG emission trends and reduction potentials of the RAC sector. Country case studies (on Indonesia and Ghana) that are both characterized by rapidly growing RAC markets help showcase the range of technology options, policies, and measures in transitioning towards a sustainable RAC sector development. Subsequently, the main challenges in transforming the RAC sector to a key GHG mitigation sector are summarized. The paper finally concludes by highlighting aspects that should be considered when integrating climate friendly cooling in national efforts to combat global climate change.