The potential impacts of climate change on water resources and surface hydrology for Africa and Southern Africa have received considerable attention from hydrologists during the past decade. Climate change can affect groundwater levels, recharge and groundwater contribution to base flow. To assess these impacts, a climate change vulnerability index was developed. The index is used as a regional screening tool to identify areas that could experience possible changes in their groundwater resources as a result of climate change.

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Southern Africa
Climate change monitoring
Groundwater management
Water resource assessment