This study gives an overview about Uganda’s efforts to address the challenges of adaptation to climate change so far. It provides information on existing policies and maps institutions and main actors in a rapidly emerging policy area that is influenced by a numerous actors and interests. The study constitutes a snapshot into the state of adaptation preparedness in East Africa, as at mid-2010. It shows what Uganda has already achieved in this regard. But it also identifies problems, many of which are similar and related to issues encountered in governance and development policy debates more generally.