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Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Urban Forests: A Framework for Sustainable Urban Forest Management

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This paper demonstrates that climate mitigation and adaptation can be integrated in a sustainable urban forest management framework that is inclusive of climate considerations and strives to sustain a strong array of environmental, social and economic values. It is shown here that such a framework may contain management practices that consider the net effect of both decreasing vulnerability and emissions. In the biophysical realm, these practices may include, but are not limited to: planting more trees, planting better adapted species to the future climate and reducing tree stress, among others. Management practices fit to the social and economic realm and may include addressing institutions and ownership and valuation of ecosystem services, among others.