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Climate change and foreign policy: an exploration of options for greater integration

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J. Drexhage
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This report explores ways in which an integrated climate change-foreign policy approach might improve prospects for a more effective global climate regime. Such a regime would be characterised by an international agreement that would see wide global participation following the 2012 expiration of the Kyoto Protocol.The paper advocates a broader framing of the challenges of climate change to reveal new opportunities to align goals across policy areas. It recommends the following:international diplomacy and relations to further climate change objectives in regard to the European Union (EU), transatlantic relations, the Arctic and the United Nations systemEuropean Union leaders need to engages a more strategic level on climate change transatlantic relations need to encourage triangulation to provide the opportunity for EU and U.S. to engage with emerging economies (such as China)arctic needs to identify opportunities for dialogue between Arctic countries on a range of issues the UN system needs to encourage that climate change be included as an item on the agendas of Environment Management Group, the UN Development Group and the Global Ministerial Environment Forum (GMEF) energy security and investment through the promotion of the idea that climate-friendly actions will work to enhance energy supply issues. This needs to be championed internationally, in particular energy-importing countries such as China. In energy-exporting countries market access and liberalisation need to be improved to help producers diversify their economies and improve non-energy investments international peace and security, using Denmark’s position in multilateral fora to get anthropogenic climate change to be recognised as a threat to peace and security trade and investment should be dealt with by proposing an EU World Trade Organisation (WTO) submission that outlines the importance to climate change efforts of a successful outcome in the various negotiating areas development cooperation by encouraging the mainstreaming of climate change and adaptation with development programming. This requires addressing the various needs of developing countries and encouraging finance ministries and foreign ministries responsible for international negotiations to enter the debate on improved standards for climate change issuesdiplomatic networking, which will not be possible unless there is institutional buy-in within the foreign policy community. Instead the most important elements needed to achieve climate objectives are: ongoing political engagement, a diplomatic network willing to deliver; and an coherent cross-government approach.