Forests and woodlands cover approximately 23 per cent of Africa and they are an important foundation of many livelihoods and economies. It is estimated that around 70 per cent of Africa’s population depend on forest resources for their survival. Despite this, forestry planning on a national level is often given low priority, which poses a significant danger as the risks of climate change become evident. The aim of this book is to systematically highlight climate change issues and opportunities to encourage greater stakeholder engagement in finding new solutions. The book is divided into four sections and a review of key observations. It opens by presenting the global and African contexts of climate change: its processes and impacts, forest-based adaptation and mitigation, and the African perspective of international climate change arrangements. Section two concerns the impacts of climate change on African moist forests and woodlands, as well as on the woodlands of the West African Sahel, a region which has a more naturally variable climate than any other place in the world. Section three discusses the impacts of climate change on wildlife in west and central Africa, and east and southern Africa that is already under great pressure from human influences (with an estimated 65 per cent of original wildlife habitats already lost). The final part of this section covers the monitoring, reporting and institutional arrangements necessary when responding to climate change in the wildlife sector. Socio-economic and policy considerations are the topic of the fourth section, beginning with a typology of information and institutional requirements for promoting adaptation technologies. Gender dimensions of climate change, African forests and the global carbon market, and the broader policy context of climate change in African forestry complete the book.