Gender concerns and adaptation approaches need to be mainstreamed into the processes of climate and development frameworks and policies, as they are currently largely blind to both issues. An analysis of climate-related frameworks and policies showed disappointing results – specifically, the EU Commission and Council on adaptation policy (2006–2008), which made no mention of gender. While COP 7 in Marrakech (2001) recognised some links between gender issues and climate change, the resulting framework of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) failed to impress from a gender perspective.The recommendations provided are split into two parts. The first, addressed to development researchinstitutions, suggests an urgent need for gender-sensitive research in the areas of climate-relatedmigration, low carbon development and forest protection at the micro and meso levels of society. Alsoneeded is a multi-level approach to ensure that gender equity is achieved in the preparation, implementation and monitoring of adaptation strategies. The second part encourages donors and development agencies to step up efforts to promote women’s empowerment in adaptation projects, and suggests a goal for the international community to stipulate that 20 per cent of all funds be available for gender-relevant projects by 2015. Mandatory implementation of gender perspectives in advanced training measures is also recommended. The annexes include overviews of the link between climate change, human security and gender, together with an evaluation of NAPAs.