According to this study, greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), especially carbon dioxide (CO2) are continuously accumulating in the atmosphere. Thus, global warming is spilling its ill impacts on the forest ecosystems of the Himalayas. The increased CO2 needs to be sequestered to strike an ecological balance and reverse global warming trends. Forests and soils are the natural sinks for carbon. Oak (Quercus leucotichophora) and pine (Pinus roxburghii) are the two most dominant forest types in the Indian Central Himalayas. The CO2 mitigation potential of these two forest types was observed in this study.

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PFCs reduction
Ecosystems and biodiversity
Ecosystem restoration and conservation plans
Soil moisture conservation techniques