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Balancing Area Coordination: Efficiently Integrating Renewable Energy into the Grid

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This fact sheet describes how power system operators maintain the balance of electricity supply and demand within geographic boundaries known as balancing areas. It suggests that coordinating balancing area operation can promote more cost- and resource-efficient integration of variable renewable energy, such as wind and solar into power systems. This efficiency is achieved by sharing or coordinating balancing resources and operating reserves across larger geographic boundaries.