The researchers suggest that many low-hanging fruit for China’s climate actions are already picked. To make further progress, new policies are needed.
China has yet to establish a comprehensive system to track policy implementation and assess impacts. Fiscal-expenditure-based management policies and performance evaluation procedures are implemented internally within the government, with only limited public disclosure of the results.
The assessments focus on macrostrategies such as the 12th FYP or on the progress of energy-saving targets; assessments of policy instruments are rare.
The researchers suggest that assessments cannot attribute impact to policy instruments, as they do not consider other policy and non-policy drivers of change, such as unrelated economic factors.