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Agricultural Extension Service and Technology Adoption for Food and Nutrition Security: Ethiopia

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Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA)
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The objective of this paper is twofold. First, using a three rounds panel data of 7110 households,
we investigate the adoption decisions and the complementarities among the four labor-intensive
technologies (agricultural extension service, irrigation, soil conservation and planting seeds in a
row) and a comprehensive use of four modern inputs (improved seed variates, inorganic
fertilizer, pesticides, organic fertilizer) which have been frequently adopted by smallholder
farmers. Second, controlling for the dynamic effects of wealth, previous technology adoptions
and other cofounders, we estimate the impact of agricultural extension services and other
multiple technology adoptions on food and nutrition security of the smallholder farmers in
Ethiopia. The estimation results indicate that a significant complementarity between modern
inputs and labor-intensive technologies. This suggests that the adoption of modern inputs
induces farmers to adopt labor-intensive technologies and vice versa. In addition, our finding
suggests that farmers who adopt technologies once are more likely to adopt the technologies
again, reflecting the profitability of agricultural technology adoption. Our finding also indicates
that agricultural extension services and technology adoption have a statistically significant and
positive impact on nutrition and food security.