According to this article, despite 40 years of research and development, and hundreds of millions of dollars spent, aquaculture is struggling to realize its high biophysical potential in Africa. Hampered by ineffective institutional arrangements and donor-driven projects, the substantial gains in desperately needed food security and economic growth predicted by development agencies are generally not achieved. Nevertheless, African aquaculture demonstrates its competitiveness, producing fishes that feed low on the food chain in a range of well-adapted, environmentally friendly and profitable farming systems that meet the needs of a broad spectrum of user groups. Key constraints to broader growth include lack of good-quality seed, feed and technical advice; poor market infrastructure and access and weak policies that, rather than accelerate, impede expansion, largely by emphasising central planning over private sector initiative.
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