With increasing population, the pressure on agriculture to provide food and livelihoods is equally increasing. According to this study, given the ever-growing population in the arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, and the decreasing possibilities to increase or change the cultivated area, standard recommendations across Africa"s savannahs are to make the best use of rainwater and to maintain the productivity of the land. The following strategies are emphasised: (a) conserving rainfall water in the rooting zone of crops (rainwater harvesting), (b) managing the fields to use water more efficiently (soil and water conservation), and (c) regeneration of the rangeland potential (rangeland restoration).

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Agriculture and forestry
CTCN Keyword Matches
Rainwater harvesting ex situ
Public water conservation campaigns
River restoration
Community based
Designing protected areas
Runoff control structures to temporarily store rainfall
Rainwater harvesting
Rainwater harvesting
Soil moisture conservation techniques
Floodplain zoning