Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels from Biomass via Single Reactor Process

Background: Researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a method for the rapid creation of liquid hydrocarbon fuel from biomass that does not require the addition of expensive hydrogen. This process creates liquid hydrocarbon fuel directly from biomass and alcohol or alkane reactants using a single reactor. Technology Description: The process involves three steps. The biomass is first fed through a metal-based catalyst with oxygen to produce bio-oil. The bio-oil is then mixed with methane and fed through a zeolite-based film to remove oxygen-containing functional groups from the bio-oil. In the third stage the resulting hydrocarbons are mixed with alcohol and/or methane and sent through another zeolite-based film which spurs the formation of longer length hydrocarbons by promoting carbon to carbon bonding. Each stage operates at an optimum temperature. This low-pressure process lowers the production costs and is easier to implement. The process results in fast conversion times and is easily scaled. Applications: Biofuels Patent Status: US 8702822 B2


(1) Lowers production costs (2) Faster conversion times

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