Electric vehicles have high-voltage battery packs rated at over 200 volts to generate enough power to drive their motors. These high-voltage battery packs contain many low-voltage battery cells connected in series. The Battery Monitoring Unit monitors the voltage and temperature of the individual low-voltage battery cells. In other words, this unit constantly assesses the state of the battery cells. BMU detects a battery's voltage, current, temperature, and other parameters to enable high-voltage batteries to be used safely and efficiently. Compared to nickel batteries, lithium-ion batteries have a higher energy density, but because lithium-ion batteries consist of multiple cells with fluctuating voltages, it is necessary to control the voltage of each cell.
DENSO Corporation has developed its first Battery Monitoring Unit (BMU) for lithium-ion batteries used in vehicles. DENSO's new BMU utilizes a newly developed voltage control method that uses a simpler and lower cost voltage control circuit, compared to the widely used voltage control method used in laptop computers and other hardware. The new product is installed in the Prius Plug-in Hybrid, which Toyota introduced at the end of 2009.
The conventional voltage control method for lithium-ion batteries converts analog voltage data collected from each cell into a digital form. Then it processes the data by an arithmetic circuit to detect if a cell is operating at a higher voltage and, if so, makes it discharge. DENSO’s new voltage control method detects the average voltage of all cells and uses a simple logic circuit to detect if a cell is operating at a higher voltage than the average and making it discharge. The new method performs at the same level as the conventional one, but with a simpler structure that does not need high-performance analog-digital conversion circuits or arithmetic circuits.
• Helps to operate Li-ion batteries efficiently.
• Eliminates fluctuation of the cell at very low cost
• Simple voltage control method.
• Lower cost than conventional BMUs