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Apparatus for removing contaminants from a contaminated area

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An apparatus for removing contaminants from a contaminated area (12) of the subsurface (1820) which comprises a riser pipe (44) extending downwardly from the surface and having an upper impermeable portion (46) and a lower perforated portion (48) a vacuum extraction pipe (30) situated inside of the riser pipe (44) and having an opening situated within the perforated portion an actuable packing (61) situated in a portion of the annular space between the vacuum extraction pipe (30) and the riser pipe (44) said portion having a vertical extension being significantly smaller than a vertical extension of a portion of the riser pipe (44) which is not covered by said packing (61) a vacuum-forming apparatus (78) adapted to create a high vacuum in fluid communication with the vacuum extraction pipe (30) and adapted to form a zone of reduced pressure in the subsurface (1820) around the riser pipe (44) whereby gases and liquid can be drawn from the subsurface (1820) into the riser pipe (44) and from the riser pipe (44) into the vacuum extraction pipe (30) and conveyed to the surface as a common stream a vapor-liquid separator (84) in fluid communication with the vacuum-forming apparatus (78) and the vacuum extraction pipe (30) wherein the vapor-liquid separator (84) is capable of separating the common stream into separate gas and liquid streams and a contaminant removal system (32) said contaminant removal system being situated to remove contaminants from at least one of the liquid stream and the gas stream an upper seal arranged around the impermeable portion and at least one seal around the perforated portion in the borehole (42) so that a vacuum applied within the riser pipe (44) will extract gases and liquids from the subsurface forming the borehole below the seal but not from the subsurface forming the borehole above the seal when the packing (61) is situated at a depth at the seal and will extract gases and liquids from above and below the at least one seal when the packing (61) is deactivated so as to subsequently redevelop the subsurface from bottom to top.

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