Nearly 200 countries adopted the Kigali amendment to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) during the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP) to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali, Rwanda last week. The amendment sets a timeline for the phasing out HFCs, used in air conditioning and refrigeration. HFCs are considered to be 1,000 times more potent than carbon dioxide in trapping heat within the atmosphere, accelerating global temperature rise.
During the meeting, CTCN Consortium Partner GIZ presented CTCN’s technical assistance in Namibia as part of the regional Green Cooling Africa Initiative (GCAI) as a best practice example on how to enable countries to utilize effective and sustainable climate technology options to create a shift in countries’ cooling sectors.
Refrigeration and air conditioning appliances (RAC) are rapidly spreading across Africa. As the electricity in most African countries is still generated through burning of fossil fuels, increased demand for energy results in increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. With the use of highly energy efficient refrigeration and air conditioning devices and the substitution of high global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants with low GWP refrigerants and foam blowing substances, both GHG emissions and energy use can be substantially reduced. Alternative technologies are internationally available but not common in Africa. The Green Cooling Africa Initiative aims at establishing a prototype best practice approach for Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, and Namibia.