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Vector-borne diseases are illnesses caused by pathogens and parasites in human populations. Every year there are more than 1 billion cases and over 1 million deaths from vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, schistosomiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and onchocerciasis, globally.

Vector-borne diseases

  • Publication date

    The El Niño phenomenon, whereby warmer than usual ocean water develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific, affects rainfall patterns and temperatures in many parts of the globe. This occurs most intensely in the tropics, and with significant impacts on human health.

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    This Colombian country profile identifies areas for action,formulated in 11 specific regional adaptation plans. Efforts are concentrated in the most vulnerable areas of the country.

    Colombia is a country of diverse geography and climatic regions including tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts and mountainous areas.

    In terms of population health, Colombia has made continued progress in attainment of the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs).

  • Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    Relation to CTCN
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    Sector(s) of expertise
    Early warning and Environmental assessment
    Renewable energy
    Marine and Fisheries

    IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (Research Institute for Development) - is a research organization based in France that is working with its partners in the South to address international development issues.

  • Publication date

    This paper analyses impacts of climate change on malaria transmission at the national and regional level in India, with emphasis on the Himalayan region, northeastern states, the Western Ghats and coastal areas under the aegis of NATCOM II and the up Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment (INCCA). It seeks to elicit the most vulnerable areas of malaria due to climate change and pave the way for identifying remedial measures for addressing the potential threat in the country.

  • Type of National plan

    Malaysia intends to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity of GDP by 45% by 2030 relative to the emissions intensity of GDP in 2005. This consist of 35% on an unconditional basis and a further 10% is condition upon receipt of climate finance, technology transfer and capacity building from developed countries.The INDC also includes a section on adaptation.

  • Type of National plan

    “Tunisia proposes reducing its greenhouse gas emissions across all sectors (energy industrial processes agriculture, forestry and other land use waste) in order to lower its carbon intensity by 41 percent in 2030, relative to the base year 2010…Tunisia, which has already made significant strides towards mitigation in its baseline, is looking to reduce its carbon intensity unconditionally and through its own efforts by 13 percent compared to 2010, i.e. by around 1/3 of its INDC. To achieve the rest of its objective, i.e.