This paper looks at the likely future of Joint Implementation (JI) in the fight against climate change. It also compares JI to the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and evaluates how things have been going so far for JI. The paper explains that JI is effectively an alternative project-based mechanism for trading emissions between countries with a cap. Instead of directly purchasing emission rights, i.e. assigned amount units (AAUs), a country gains emitting permits through funding a part of a project activity which reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or enhances removals by sinks.
- Type:PublicationPublication date:Objective:
- Type:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
Fulfilment of the pledges signed by 42 developed countries is estimated to reduce emissions by up to 4 billion tons (Gt) of CO2e in 2020. This is about one third of the estimated 12 Gt of CO2e emissions reductions that would be needed to remain on a path consistent with keeping warming below 2°C. Unfortunately, weaknesses in international emissions accounting could substantially weaken these already insufficient pledges, negating much if not all of their intended emissions benefits.
Women of CEE/CIS Region in the Context of Sustainable Development: Road from Johannesburg-2002 towards Kiev-2003Type:PublicationPublication date:Objective:Approach:
The role of women in environmental decision-making has yet to be properly evaluated. This publication reports on the regional seminar and project ?Gender Mainstreaming Policy into the Framework of 'Environment for Europe' Process". It highlights the problem of women's access to and control over resources ignored by the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), and the lack of attention given to gender issues in the UN Economic Commission for Europe.
- Type:National PlanType of National plan:Country:Ukraine
Ukraine will not exceed 60% of 1990 GHG emisisons level in 2030.
- Type:PublicationPublication date:
The 193 individual country profiles capture the status and progress of all UN Member States, and the 80+ indicators include a wealth of information on child, adolescent and adult anthropometry and nutritional status, in addition to intervention coverage, food supply, economics, and demography. This tool is particularly useful for nutrition champions at the country-level, as it presents a wide range of evidence needed to assess country progress in improving nutrition and nutrition-related outcomes.
- Type:PublicationPublication date:
The demand for energy across the globe continues to grow. Cities account for approximately two thirds of energy consumed worldwide and 70 % of the greenhouse gas emissions related to people. Energy prices have experienced nothing but growth for years now. Even in places where prices for electricity and heating appear low from a customer standpoint, subsidies actually end up footing the bill in many cases, which are in turn covered by national budgets that are funded by tax payers.
Covenant of Mayors: A Climate Protection Initiative by European Municipalities – Experiences, practical examples, successful approachesType:PublicationPublication date:
Over the last several years, municipal energy and climate protection management has become a central working area within German development cooperation. Municipalities are faced with immense and multi-faceted challenges: increased spending on energy is a strain on the inhabitants as well as public budgets. As a result, many municipalities are witnessing growing engagement in the area of climate protection.
- Type:EventDate:Saturday, May 21, 2016 - Saturday, May 21, 2016 Europe/CopenhagenCountry:Germany
The CTCN Regional Forum for NDEs from Developed Countries took place in Bonn, Germany. The purpose of the forum was to offer a platform for the NDEs and Climate Change focal points from Annex 1 countries to discuss issues and opportunities related to climate technology transfer to developing countries as a follow up to the COP21 decisions.
- Type:EventDate:Tuesday, September 29, 2015 - Thursday, October 1, 2015 Europe/CopenhagenCountry:Armenia
The CTCN Forum will be an occasion to develop and strengthen the regional network of NDEs and their relationship with other technology stakeholders, with a view to identify matchmaking opportunities to secure funding for follow-up actions to CTCN requests or other climate technology activities.
Removing Barriers to Residential Energy Efficiency in Southeast Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent StatesType:Publication
The document exposes the findings from the workshop entitled "Removing Barriers to Residential Energy Efficiency in Central and Eastern Europe" (on February 6-7, 2006 in Kiev, Ukraine), specifically the opportunities and recommendations for overcoming those barriers in the countries of Southeast Europe and the CIS.