Africa is vulnerable to climate change on two fronts: firstly, because of existing vulnerabilities and secondly, due to capacity limitations for disaster mitigation and inability to adapt to climate change.
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The Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines recognizes that energy plays a major role in the diversification of the country's economy and in the pursuit of poverty reduction.
River flows are threatened by deforestation, variation of annual precipitation caused by climate change and competing uses, like fresh water supply and irrigation. Alternative energy and adaptation of resources will be key to sustainable livelihoods in the face of climate change, felt acutely in the islands' region.
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The overall goal of Malawi"s National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) is to address urgent and immediate needs for climate change adaptation. About 65% of Malawi"s population lives below the poverty line, making it harder for them to adapt to the adverse impacts of extreme weather events. Thirty-one adaptation options from eight sectors were identified to address the urgent adaptation needs, with emphasis on vulnerable rural communities of Malawi.
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Within the last few years, Tanzania has witnessed mushrooming growth of “wildlife management areas” (WMAs) meant to halt (or reduce) loss of wildlife and ensure that local people benefit from conservation. However, human pressure is rapidly increasing and causing management problems in the WMAs. Some human land-use activities also limit wildlife dispersal; poor resource use diversification and lack of creativity constrain use of natural resources; consequently, their contribution to sustainable livelihoods is undermined.