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Sudan

Sudan

  • The value of indigenous knowledge in climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in the African Sahel

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    It is increasingly realised that mitigation and adaptation should not be pursued independently of each other but as complements. Integrating mitigation and adaptation into climate change concerns is not a completely new idea in the African Sahel where the local populations in this region, through their indigenous knowledge systems, have developed and implemented extensive mitigation and adaptation strategies that have enabled them to reduce their vulnerability to past climate variability and change.

  • Water for Production: an Overview of the Main Issues and Collection of Supporting Resources

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    Water is fundamental to the well being of women and men both in the household and productive activities and is key to poverty reduction and development. Water is also a strategic resource in that its control is a source of power. Interventions that change the control, use of and access to water resources inevitably raise gender issues and opportunities. This report provides key considerations and recommendations in this area drawing on lessons learnt from case studies in Indonesia, Bangladesh, India and Sudan.

  • Women, Income-generating Activities and the Conservation of Natural Resources: Medicinal, Culinary and Aromatic Plants in the Sudan

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    This paper presents information on the role of Sudanese medicinal, culinary and aromatic plants in the conservation of natural resources and in the generation of income for rural women. In most parts of the Sudan women constitute the principal labor force for both cash crops and food production. Women's role in the agricultural labor force increased during a period of economic hardship, resulting from natural and man-made disasters, in the 1990s.

  • Climate change, vulnerability and human mobility: perspectives of refugees from the east and Horn of Africa

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    This study aims to understand the extent to which refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) have perceived, experienced and responded to climatic variability and long-term negative climatic change in the east and Horn of Africa. The report is based on discussions with 150 IDPs and refugees from Ethiopia and Uganda, many of whom were farmers and pastoralists from Eritrea, Somalia and eastern Sudan.

  • Land grabbing along livestock migration routes in Gadarif State, Sudan: impacts on pastoralism and the environment

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    There is a growing realisation amongst ecologists and economists that mobile pastoralists are the best custodians of drylands environments. However, grabbing of pastoralists’ traditional land for the commercial farming, which has widely been adopted as a development and investment strategy in Sudan, is increasing both resource conflict and environmental degradation. This research aims to provide evidence-based information by mapping out the encroachment of large-scale agriculture into transhumance migration routes in Gadarif State in eastern Sudan.

  • NAPAssess: a decision support tool for use in the Sudan NAPA process

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    As part of Sudan’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) process the Stockholm Environment Institute has developed a new tool to aid in the development of NAPA programmes. The NAPAssess model aims to assist in the process of identifying adaptation practical actions, and evaluate and prioritise adaptation initiatives.

  • Climate change and conflict: lessons for conflict resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

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    Using a human security perspective, this report identifies and analyses local and international non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in cases of conflicts related to the environment and environmental change in the southern Sahel of Sudan. The research largely focused on conflicts between and within pastoralist, agro-pastoralist and farmer communities in the context of these same challenges – making the argument and then building on the premise that the study area is relevant from which to draw lessons for climate adaption.

  • Community-based rangeland rehabilitation for adaptation to climate change and carbon sequestration

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    Since the 1960s, the Sahel region in Africa has experienced a general decline in the volume of rainfall. Between 1961 and 1998, droughts have affected Sudan with varying degrees of severity. The Assessment of Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Change (AIACC) in Sudan, a GEF/UNDP funded project sought to examine the ways in which seventeen communities in drought-prone regions of the Sudan had been adversely affected by the impacts of climate change.