South America

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    Objective
    Sectors

    The objective of this book is to raise awareness in the hydrologic community of the important changes that have occurred in the climate and hydrology of the La Plata basin during recent decades. In a context of global climate change and of great regional changes, the assumption that series of climatological and hydrological observations are stationary must be regarded with suspicion. This book therefore presents an overview of the few available techniques for assessing future climate and hydrology.

  • Knowledge partner
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise
    Agriculture
    Renewable energy
    Energy efficiency
    Transport

    The Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy (BASE) is a Swiss Foundation and Specialised Partner of United Nations Environment. BASE develops innovative ideas and tailored market-driven solutions to drive investment in sustainable energy and to meet the challenge of climate change.

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    Objective
    Approach

    The Tropical Andes are the home to many diverse communities, from remote farming villages to large urban centres and capitals, such as Merida, Bogotá, Quito, Cusco and La Paz. In total, about 60 million people live between 1,000 to 4,500 meters. The climate in the region is tropical, with low seasonal variation in temperatures. However, there is strong seasonality of precipitation, in particular in the Peruvian Andes. In Colombia and Venezuela, the Andes are generally more humid, while the Altiplano and the Bolivian Andes are drier.

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    Objective

    South America has vast energy resources, but countries in the region are unable to guarantee adequate energy security levels for their consumers. This paper argues that the potential economic benefits from the process of South America’s regional energy integration are high, though national regulations impose strong barriers to such a process. The study deems regional energy cooperation is particularly essential for removing the insecurity of energy supplies facing the region. Findings are:

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    Objective

    Electricity security is central to empowering and sustaining economic development in any country or region. This cross-regional report focuses on electricity supply and the extent to which it is traded within Southern Africa and South America, and the resulting state of electricity supply security in these two regions.

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    Objective

    This paper discusses concerns about forest-based mitigation projects and their benefit to the small producer and the host country. It assesses the two different kinds of carbon market mechanisms: the clean development mechanism (CDM) developed under the Kyoto Protocol; and the ‘voluntary’ mechanisms, developed separately and not bound by the CDM regulations. As carbon forestry has fewer needs for physical infrastructure to access markets, there are fewer of the traditional barriers that arise when involving small producers in investment opportunities.

  • Lesser Grain Borer
    Publication date

    The Lesser grain borer (LGB) was originally described from South America but now has spread around the world especially to warm and tropical areas like Australia and India where it causes considerable damage to stored grain.

  • Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise
    Renewable energy
    Waste management
    Transport

    Specialising in solar, wind, and energy storage technologies, the PEC has worked in Africa, South America and Asia.