Mitigation in the textiles and leather industry

  • Knowledge partner
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    Japan
    Relation to CTCN
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise
    Renewable energy
    Energy efficiency
    Forestry
    Transport
    Waste management

    The Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC) is an entity that supports the UNEP’s International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC), based in Japan.

  • Publication date
    Objective

    This article evaluates the efficiency of Brazil's industrial sectors from 1996 to 2009, taking into account energy consumption and respective contributions to the country's economic and social aspects. This analysis used a mathematical programming method called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which enabled, from the SBM model and the window analysis, to evaluate the ability of industries to reduce energy consumption and fossil-fuel CO2Íemissions (inputs), as well as to increase the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by sectors, the persons employed and personnel expenses (outputs).

  • Publication date
    Objective
    Approach

    Enhancing a city’s resilience capacity is key for policymakers where there are plans to redevelop cities into ‘climate-smart’ cities. Researchers suggest that this needs a comprehensive city-wide loss and damage assessment for cities in India.

    For empirical purposes, this study attempts a loss and damage assessment of Surat City in western India to floods. Surat is an industrial hub for both the textile and diamond industries.

  • Objective

    Minimizing energy consumption (or CO2 emission) by optimizing equipment selection and load distribution of energy conversion and storage facilties which comprise utility plants.

    Cost of primary energy in utility plants could reach as much as 10 million USD/yr. Typical application includes refineries, petrochemical, paper, cement, textiles, fertilizer, large FA plants, district heating and cooling systems.

  • Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    Vietnam
    Relation to CTCN
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise
    Renewable energy
    Energy efficiency

    Energy Conservation Research and Development Center (ENERTEAM) is an independent energy sustainability consulting firm actively engaged in the fields of energy and resource productivity.

  • Nitrate is the most prevalent pollutant of ground water in the United States and is very common worldwide. Common sources of nitrates are fertilizers animal feedlots municipal wastewater and septic systems. The level of nitrate is regulated in drinking water because high nitrate levels are known to cause Methemoglobinemia a disease that prevents blood from collecting and carrying oxygen efficiently. Another disease caused by high nitrate levels is Blue Baby Syndrome this malady causes an increase in bacteria which convert the nitrate into nitrite and poisons infants.

  • Technology

    Background: More than 8 million surgical procedures performed each year involve replacement organs or tissues and more than 10 million Americans have at least one medical implant. Many of these implants are made from classic materials such as stainless steel chromium ceramics plastics and other metal alloys. These materials often cause the immune system to tag the implant as a foreign body thereby resulting in an unintentional immune response. Biocompatible materials which reduce or remove this response are needed.

  • Background: Biodegradable polymers have been widely used as scaffolding materials to regenerate new tissues. In addition to material biocompatibility physical parameters of the material are central in the successful integration of the seeded cells into the biomaterial as well as the integration of the construct into the host upon implantation. Some of these physical parameters include the form of the material (fibers spheres etc.) porosity pore geometry and mechanical properties.