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Marine protected areas

Marine protected areas

  • Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    The Wildlife Conservation Society is a global non-profit organization with over 120 years of experience in biodiversity conservation. WCS team have expertise on technology solutions like climate scenarios projection for biodiversity adaptation,mitigate emissions of forest carbon, guide climate-smart development planning, and develop solutions that create social and economic resilience to climate change.

  • Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Norway
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    GRID-Arendal is a Norwegian foundation that supports the United Nations Environment Programme.  It is a centre of excellence for the scientific analysis of environmental issues in many areas including environmental assessments, ocean issues and polar regions.

  • Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Korea
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    GIST was established in 1993 by the Korean government as a research-oriented graduate school to train highly qualified scientists and engineers and to foster scientific and technological achievements. In 2010, GIST established GIST College to create a liberal arts based science curriculum for undergraduates. The strong research capability of GIST was reflected by the 2015/2016 QS World University Rankings when GIST was ranked number 2 in the world for citations per faculty.  

  • Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Mauritius
    Relation to CTCN:
    TA proponent
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Formerly known as the Mauritius Marine Authority (MMA), the MPA is the sole national port authority set up under the Ports Act 1998, to regulate and control the port sectors in Mauritius and Rodrigues. The MPA is a landlord port authority, providing the main port infrastructure and superstructure, together with related facilities. It also provides marine services and navigation aids, while it regulates and controls all port activities and environmental issues within the designated port areas.

  • Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources IUCN's mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. 

  • Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Approach:

    Global warming events and storms are expected to increase in the future, along with significant coastal population growth and development. This report finds that it will therefore be essential to effectively control marine pollution and coastal development in order to build resilience and enhance the ability of coral reefs to recover from severe weather events.

  • Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This paper describes guidelines for marine protected area (MPA) design and management that take into account the significant global problem of coral bleaching. The author's central tenet is that MPAs should be in part chosen for coral resilience to bleaching.Despite significant coral destruction from bleaching, it is agreed that there is also significant bleaching resistance (coral colonies that don’t bleach or bleach but don’t die)and resilience (reefs where colonies bleach and partially or wholly die, but the coral community recovers) among reef systems.

  • Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Approach:

    A major problem facing coral reefs in the Moliniere Beausejour Marine Protected Area (MBMPA) of Grenada is macroalgae overgrowth and their deleterious effects on corals.

    Reduced herbivory from overfishing and excess nutrients associated with pollution from land runoff have been implicated as factors causing significant increases in macroalgae cover on coral reefs.

  • Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Approach:

    Coral bleaching, a stress condition in corals, happens when the algae that live in the coral’s tissue, providing food and its normal healthy colour, are expelled.

    When bleached, corals starve, weaken and become more vulnerable to diseases and death.

    In many parts of the Caribbean, 80% of corals bleached and 40% died after the 2005 mass bleaching event. Since mass coral bleaching occurs when water temperatures increase, bleaching events will become more common and intense as the world’s oceans become warmer.