Lesotho

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    Ein Jahr bevor die Frist zur Erreichung der Millenniums-Entwicklungsziele im Jahr 2015 abläuft, bietet der Welthunger-Index (WHI) einen facettenreichen Überblick über die Verbreitung des Hungers und trägt neue Erkenntnisse darüber in die weltweite Debatte, wie Hunger und Mangelernährung verringert werden können. Betrachtet man die Entwicklungsländer als Gruppe, so hat sich die Hungersituation dort seit 1990 verbessert. Dem WHI 2014 zufolge ist seitdem ein Rückgang um 39 Prozent zu verzeichnen.

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    Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis examines the food security threats facing eight of the countries that make up southern Africa — Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe — and explores how climate change will increase the efforts needed to achieve sustainable food security throughout the region. Southern Africa’s population is expected to grow at least through mid-century. The region will also see income growth.

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    AS DISCUSSED IN CHAPTER 1, SETTING TARGETS IS ONE MANIFESTATION OF POLITICAL COMMITMENT. COUNTRIES HAVE ALREADY MADE A SERIES OF COMMITMENTS TO ATTAIN global nutrition targets by 2025 (Panel 2.1). For maternal, infant, and young child nutrition, the 2012 World Health Assembly (WHA) set six targets for 2025. The Global Nutrition Report tracks five of these.1 The WHA also agreed on nine noncommunicable disease (NCD) targets, one of which—“Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity”—is tracked in this report via three indicators.

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    À l’aube de l’ère post-2015 des Objectifs de Développement Durable (odd), le monde est Confronté à de nombreux problèmes apparemment insolubles. La malnutrition ne devrait pas en faire partie. Les pays déterminés à faire des progrès rapides dans la réduction de la malnutrition peuvent y parvenir, et les incitations à améliorer la nutrition sont fortes. Une bonne nutrition constitue un fondement essentiel du développement humain, primordial pour la réalisation de tout notre potentiel.

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    The report covers a country assessment of Lesotho"s energy sector, with emphasis on renewable energy. Chapter 1 introduces the energy sector in Lesotho with a coordinative depiction of the sector stakeholders, a policy and legal framework brief and an elaborate energy profile. The second chapter covers a problem analysis of the sector shedding a light on how the problems affect the different gender groups in the rural areas. It also covers some propagating factors facing the sector.

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    Objective

    Women are generally excluded from discussions about energy plans and policies because of gender norms around appropriate roles for women and men, gender biases in education, and gender inequalities in employment status. Yet burning wood or other biomass fuels (such as fuelwood and animal dung) is a primary source of energy in many countries, and fetching and using these fuels is commonly viewed as women's work.

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    Objective
    Sectors
    Approach

    What impact do cash-transfers have on gender relations? There are two main ways in which cash transfer projects are seen as having potentially negative impacts on gender relations within recipient households. First, it is supposed that women are less likely to be able to command control over the use of cash within the household compared to certain types of in-kind assistance, namely food. Second, there are concerns that cash may be more prone than food aid to being used by men to purchase alcohol and cigarettes.

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    Objective
    Approach

    In the introduction to this publication, ENERGIA policy advisor and editor of this pubication Gail Karlsson writes, “In many developing countries, especially in the poorest areas, most energy currently comes from traditional biomass fuels such as wood, charcoal and agricultural wastes - and collection and managing these fuels is strictly ‘women’s business’.” She calls on national energy and development policy-makers to acknowledge the links between women’s work, national economics and energy; as well as make more gender-focused investments and initiatives, with greater and more diverse invo