This technology transfer advances the Seychelles:
- Nationally Determined Contribution to reduce its economy-wide absolute GHG emissions by 122.5 ktCO2e (21.4%) in 2025 and estimated 188 ktCO2e in 2030 (29.0%) relative to baseline emissions.
Belgrade's district heating (DH) system is one of the largest in Europe with a total network length of 1420 km and capacity of over 2800 MW. The majority of the network is run on the natural gas boilers and fuel oil boilers with no waste heat from cogeneration or other sources being used and very little renewables (0,75% of capacity). Energy efficiency of the building stock is quite low, and the intensity of energy consumption is high. The city needs harmonized approaches to efficiency.
The most commonly used conversion methods – combustion of waste to produce heat or electricity; anaerobic digestion to produce methane for heat or power production etc. all are well-established and commercial technologies. A further set of conversion processes – for example, the production of liquid fuels from cellulosic materials by biological or thermochemical conversion processes, such as pyrolysis – are at earlier stages of commercialisation or still under development.
The district heating net is a pipe network that supplies heating and hot water for connected consumers from a central power plant. It is a more efficient way to provide heat and power compared to localized boilers. District cooling is the cooling equivalent of district heating. Working in accordance to similar principles, district cooling delivers chilled water to buildings like offices and factories. Trigeneration is when electricity, heating and cooling are combined in the same plant.
Responds to the following needs
As a government-funded research institute under the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning of the Republic of Korea, the mission of Korea Institute of Materials and Science KIMS is to comprehensively facilitate R&D, test, evaluate and provide technical support in order to promote innovative technology and industrial development. Important research achievements related to climate technology include Plasma-Treated Albaca fiber reinforced composites for industrial application.
Join us to hear from the Director of RETScreen International about how the software can be used to help identify, implement and monitor potential Greenhouse Gas (GHG) mitigation projects.
Co-generation is the combined production of useful thermal energy and electricity (Combined Heat and Power, CHP) from the same primary fuel. CHP can take on many forms and encompasses a range of technologies, but will always be based upon an efficient, integrated system that combines electricity production and heat recovery. By using the heat output from the electricity production for heating or industrial applications, CHP plants generally convert 75-80% of the fuel source into useful energy, while the most modern CHP plants reach efficiencies of 90% or more (IPCC, 2007).
With the surge in bio-based activities around the globe, a new concept called bio-refining starts to emerge. IEA Bioenergy Task 42 on Biorefineries defines biorefining as “the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of marketable products and energy”. A bio-refinery combines/integrates a series of biomass conversion technologies to produce a range of products and (base-)materials, such as food, feed, chemicals, materials, oil, gas, heat and/or electricity. The concept is similar to a conventional oil-refinery where multiple petroleum products and fuels are produced.