Less developed countries are generally more affected by the impacts of weather-related events than industrialised countries, according to the 2011 Climate Risk Index (CRI). The Global Climate Risk Index 2011 analyses the extent to which countries have been affected by storms, floods, heat waves and other weather induced occurrences using data collected during the 1990-2009 period. The index uses the number of deaths, sum of losses in US$ in purchasing power parity and of GDP.The index presents the following key findings for the period 1990 to 2009:
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Global climate risk index 2013: Who suffers most from extreme weather events? Weather-related loss events in 2011 and 1992 to 2011Type:PublicationPublication date:Approach:
This report analyses the extent to which countries have been affected by weather-related loss events. It warns that the window for putting the world on a track to stay below two degrees Celsius is rapidly closing and preparations must be made for potentially more frequent or severe weather events in the future.
Climate change, adaptation, and formal education: the role of schooling for increasing societies' adaptive capacities in El Salvador and BrazilType:PublicationPublication date:
This paper examines the influence of formal education in determining the adaptive capacity of the residents of two low-income settlements where climate-related disasters are recurrent: Los Manantiales in San Salvador (El Salvador) and Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). In both case study areas, the average levels of education were lower for households living in high risk areas, as opposed to residents of lower risk areas.
Proposals for upcoming activities under the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate changeType:PublicationPublication date:
This document published by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) outlines proposals for upcoming activities under the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change from countries including Colombia, El Salvador and Pakistan. It is part of the provisional agenda for Durban, 28th November to 3rd December 2011.
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This Report summarizes the proceedings of the El Salvador conference on strategies for adapting public and private infrastructure to climate change held in San Salvador on 30 June 2010. It also outlines the multiple development benefits of climate proofing infrastructure and the importance of conducting such an exercise within a broader territorial approach. While these Proceedings address the specific context of El Salvador, the methodologies outlined can be applied to a wide range of situations.
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This study examines vulnerability in El Salvador in order to understand how development can drive a process of vulnerability reduction, and vice versa. This paper presents a study of rural agrarian communities in eastern El Salvador to examine their vulnerability to climate change and variability in order to gain an understanding of the relationship between development and disasters, and what sort of framework is required to ensure a process of adaptation to hazards and changes in hazard dynamics.
Shifting the Narrative: Child-led Responses to Climate Change and Disasters in El Salvador and the PhilippinesType:PublicationPublication date:
Children and young people are commonly treated in the climate change and disasters litera- ture as victims of natural events requiring protection by adults. This article critiques that narrative, drawing on examples from the Philippines and El Salvador that explore how chil- dren’s groups have responded to such issues through child-centred initiatives.