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Community-based energy services

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    XacBank is a commercial bank founded in 2001 and headquartered in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. XacBank is an accredited entity of the Green Climate Fund (GCF). In one of their approved GCF funding proposals in 2017, the bank expanded Business Loan for GHG Emissions Reduction program, an on-lending program to lessen capital burdens for Mongolian micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises who are investing in energy efficiency or renewable energy technology. As part of the GCF approval, XacBank has prioritized improving internal monitoring and evaluation capacities.

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    CTCN Network member, Econoler, together with the International Institute for Energy Training (IIET) is organizing energy efficiency trainings in DUBAI in February.


    There are three training modules during the course: Demand-Side Management Programs (from design to evaluation), Energy Performance Contracting and ESCOs, Energy Efficiency Financing. Each will be presented by a top international energy efficiency expert, two of them based in the Middle East and North Africa region.


  • Objective

    The district heating net is a pipe network that supplies heating and hot water for connected consumers from a central power plant. It is a more efficient way to provide heat and power compared to localized boilers. District cooling is the cooling equivalent of district heating. Working in accordance to similar principles, district cooling delivers chilled water to buildings like offices and factories. Trigeneration is when electricity, heating and cooling are combined in the same plant.

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    GRID-Arendal is a Norwegian foundation that supports the United Nations Environment Programme.  It is a centre of excellence for the scientific analysis of environmental issues in many areas including environmental assessments, ocean issues and polar regions.

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    With the surge in bio-based activities around the globe, a new concept called bio-refining starts to emerge. IEA Bioenergy Task 42 on Biorefineries defines biorefining as “the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of marketable products and energy”. A bio-refinery combines/integrates a series of biomass conversion technologies to produce a range of products and (base-)materials, such as food, feed, chemicals, materials, oil, gas, heat and/or electricity. The concept is similar to a conventional oil-refinery where multiple petroleum products and fuels are produced.

  • Objective

    Co-generation is the combined production of useful thermal energy and electricity (Combined Heat and Power, CHP) from the same primary fuel. CHP can take on many forms and encompasses a range of technologies, but will always be based upon an efficient, integrated system that combines electricity production and heat recovery. By using the heat output from the electricity production for heating or industrial applications, CHP plants generally convert 75-80% of the fuel source into useful energy, while the most modern CHP plants reach efficiencies of 90% or more (IPCC, 2007).