This Technology Transfer Advances Viet Nam's
- Nationally Determined Contribution to reduce GHG emissions by 8% compared to Business-as-Usual by 2030, in line with the Government's prioritized policies, such as renewable energy development.
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is implementing a Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded project entitled “Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission in Industrial Sector through Pelletization Technology in Lao PDR” in collaboration with the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and the Ministry of Science and Technology Lao PDR. The goal of the project is to promote the production and usage of industrial grade solid bio-fuel (pellets) for replacing coal and wood.
World Coal Association is the global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. The WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. World coal organization's regular policy analysis, workshops, media updates and strategic research provide access to the highest level of information on the global coal industry and its role in energy, climate and sustainable development issues.
China’s energy consumption for agricultural production has relied on petroleum and coal and other types of energy for a long time. However, this paper suggests that such irrational energy consumption pattern would unlikely be able to meet the increasing needs of the country’s developing agricultural sector.
South Africa’s electricity landscape is undergoing rapid change. The state-owned monopoly utility, historically dependent on the country’s until recently low-cost coal supplies is now in financial and supply-side crisis, subject to growing indebtedness and downgraded to non-investment grade or ‘junk’ status.
South Africa has gone from one of the world’s cheapest electricity generators in the early 2000s to a 270% increase in electricity tariffs by 2015, with further increases predicted in the future.
In recent years, China has grown into a major provider of coal power finance in overseas markets, replacing financing by major development institutions while providing potentially less stringent environmental guidelines.
In September 2015, China made a surprise announcement that it would commit to “controlling public investment flowing” into high carbon overseas projects.
Background: Power plants automobiles and many other sources expel billions of tons of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere each year. A major greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide. As the world’s population increases the amount of fossil fuel used to create energy increases as the amount of fuel burned increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases. A process to efficiently capture and later release carbon dioxide would have a large positive impact on the environment and have immediate application.
Carbon capture technologies are only as good as their ability to prevent leaking of carbon dioxide back into the environment. Utilities that invest in advanced coal plants with carbon capture technologies need to prove that the carbon stays where it is stored. The mixing of carbon dioxide from biofuel production also requires monitoring.
Background: In 2008 coal-fired power plants generated 49 percent of electricity consumed in the U.S. more than twice that of any other energy resource. Coal is an important fossil fuel because world coal reserves are expected to last about 200 years much longer than other fossil fuels. However coal also is a major contributor to atmospheric pollution. The emissions per unit energy produced from coal-fired power plants are reduced when the efficiency is increased because more energy is captured per unit of coal burned.