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Aviation

Aviation

  • Optimising aviation

    Type: 
    Technology
    Sectors:
    Objective:

    Improved air traffic management techniques like to avoid flying holding patterns, “green landings” and the use of relatively low speed airplanes for domestic aviation can reduce the emission of greenhouse gases substantially. Depending on their penetration up to 3% CO2 emission reduction can be achieved for green landings and 10-60% CO2 emission reduction for low speed airplanes. Moreover, these techniques will lower the NOx and soot emissions, thereby improving the air quality around the airport.

  • Simple Optical Sensor for Biodiesel Contaminant in Jet Fuel

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Background: In April 2010 contamination in jet fuel caused the throttles of two engines on a Cathay Pacific flight to stick while in flight and nearly caused the lives of 322 passengers and crew on board. Such incident is just one of the examples of the dangers posed by cross contamination in the fuel. FAME or biodiesel has the property to ‘stick’ to surfaces and small traces of FAME can be found in jet fuel leading to cross contamination. At high concentrations FAME may impact the thermal stability of the jet fuel leading to coke deposits in the fuel system.

  • Method and Electromagnetic Intertial Micro Device for Generating Electrical Power from Low Frequency Oscillations

    Type: 
    Product

    The ability to control the frequency and amplitude of mechanical oscillations can lead to production of electrical power. Having the ability to use remote power to activate sensors and other pieces of equipment will be beneficial in in aviation diagnosis medical and construction. Key aspects to these products are mechanisms at use as well as the versatility and size of the mechanism. Researchers at the University of Missouri have worked to develop a device and process that will be a compact and versatile way to produce electrical energy.

  • Seizing the global opportunity: Partnerships for better growth and a better climate – the 2015 new climate economy report

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    With 2015 representing a year of unprecedented opportunity with regard to the landmark intergovernmental conferences on development and climate action, the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate have produced this substantial report which makes the case for all parties to forge new and improved strategic partnerships for economic growth and a better climate.The first part of the report focuses on new opportunities and challenges for low-carbon growth and international cooperation, examining recent trends and developments, and international cooperation both within and without the UNFCC

  • Interaction between EU carbon trading and international institutions: synergies or disruptions?

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This paper discusses various dimensions of the developing positive and negative interactions between the company focused EU emissions trading (ETS) and country focused global carbon trading and other relevant global institutions. Three main cases of interaction are analysed. The author considers the interaction between the Kyoto Protocol and the ETS as target. The opposite relationship is then examined. i.e. with the ETS as the source and the Kyoto Protocol institutions as targets.

  • Adapting to Climate Change: Helping Key Sectors to Adapt to Climate Change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    From the energy, transport and water sectors, 103 organisations have provided reports under the Adaptation Reporting Power (ARP) to Defra. The reports demonstrate that these organisations are assessing their risks from climate change and in many cases are well-placed to mitigate them. Nearly all of the 103 organisations who reported can be clustered together into nine sectors: aviation; electricity distributors; electricity generators; electricity transmitters; gas transporters; ports and lighthouses; public bodies; road and rail; and water.