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Aviation

Aviation

  • Optimising aviation

    Type: 
    Technology
    Sectors:
    Objective:

    Improved air traffic management techniques like to avoid flying holding patterns, “green landings” and the use of relatively low speed airplanes for domestic aviation can reduce the emission of greenhouse gases substantially. Depending on their penetration up to 3% CO2 emission reduction can be achieved for green landings and 10-60% CO2 emission reduction for low speed airplanes. Moreover, these techniques will lower the NOx and soot emissions, thereby improving the air quality around the airport.

  • Genetic Modifications in Escherichia Coli and Pseudomonas Putida

    Type: 
    Product

    Background: Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a technology used to convert algae biomass into “biocrude” oil a potential drop-in substance for petroleum. HTL eliminates land usage and provides a more complete biomass conversion than other methods. HTL produces an aqueous algae co-product (AqAl) which can contain residual carbon nitrogen and phosphorous that was initially present in the algae biomass. There is great interest in the development of methods to use these products for algae growth operations and thus recycle nutrients and enhance financial and material sustainability.

  • Fuel Cell System for Aircraft Propulsion

    Type: 
    Product

    Background: Aircraft thrust is traditionally come from a combustion engine (internal combustion or gas turbine) coupled to either a propeller or a nozzle to produce thrust. These systems deliver high performance but also have high emissions and low fuel efficiency. Some proposals have used fuel cells as propulsion devices by using the electricity a fuel cell produces to power an electric motor linked to a propeller. This system lowers emissions and increases fuel efficiencies but increases weight due to the substantial electric motors required for primary propulsive power.

  • Innovation Outlook: Advanced Liquid Biofuels

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The purpose of the research underlying this report is to provide a global technology outlook for advanced biofuels from2015 to 2045, specifically for liquid transport fuels for road, shipping and aviation use. The report concentrates on the role of innovation in stimulating advanced biofuels pathways that have not reached widespread commercialization. It is aimed at a wide range of stakeholders, including policymakers, investors and project and technology developers worldwide.

  • Method and Electromagnetic Intertial Micro Device for Generating Electrical Power from Low Frequency Oscillations

    Type: 
    Product

    The ability to control the frequency and amplitude of mechanical oscillations can lead to production of electrical power. Having the ability to use remote power to activate sensors and other pieces of equipment will be beneficial in in aviation diagnosis medical and construction. Key aspects to these products are mechanisms at use as well as the versatility and size of the mechanism. Researchers at the University of Missouri have worked to develop a device and process that will be a compact and versatile way to produce electrical energy.

  • Simple Optical Sensor for Biodiesel Contaminant in Jet Fuel

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Background: In April 2010 contamination in jet fuel caused the throttles of two engines on a Cathay Pacific flight to stick while in flight and nearly caused the lives of 322 passengers and crew on board. Such incident is just one of the examples of the dangers posed by cross contamination in the fuel. FAME or biodiesel has the property to ‘stick’ to surfaces and small traces of FAME can be found in jet fuel leading to cross contamination. At high concentrations FAME may impact the thermal stability of the jet fuel leading to coke deposits in the fuel system.