This Technology Transfer Advances Lao's
- Nationally Determined Contribution to increase resilience of urban development and infrastructure to climate change and address the lack of information, knowledge and capacity on vulnerability assessments.
Lao People's Democratic Republic is considered highly vulnerable to climate change in the context of rapid urbanization. Significant damages are expected from climate-induced extreme events, mainly floods, drought and soil erosion. Those impacts affect not only the cities but also country’s hydrology, ecology, agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, hydro-power development.
This 2014–2015 Global Food Policy Report is the fourth in an annual series that provides a comprehensive overview of major food policy developments and events. In this report, distinguished researchers, policymakers, and practitioners review what happened in food policy in 2014 at the global, regional, and national levels, and—supported by the latest knowledge and research—explain why. This year’s report is the first to also look forward a year, offering analysis of the potential opportunities and challenges that we will face in achieving food and nutrition security in 2015.
Half a billion people directly or indirectly depend on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods. Fish provides essential nutrition for about three billion people and is highly traded with more than 37 per cent of production entering international trade. The world’s capture fisheries and the livelihoods they support are under threat from a range of factors including over-exploitation. This report provides an introduction to the national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) of LDCs that have been developed to mitigate the threats to the fishing industry.
Gender equity indicators measure conditions or situations that affect men and women differently; signal changes in power relations between women and men over time; determine access, use and control of resources and distribution of costs and benefits; and point out changes in living conditions and in the roles of women and men over time. This short fact-sheet provides examples of indicators in the areas of:? Agriculture and biodiversity e.g. changes in women's and men's ownership of agricultural lands;? Climate change e.g.
Water is fundamental to the well being of women and men both in the household and productive activities and is key to poverty reduction and development. Water is also a strategic resource in that its control is a source of power. Interventions that change the control, use of and access to water resources inevitably raise gender issues and opportunities. This report provides key considerations and recommendations in this area drawing on lessons learnt from case studies in Indonesia, Bangladesh, India and Sudan.
The effects of climate change on agricultural systems and food and nutrition security are already severe and widespread. Almost 800 million people are chronically undernourished, and population and wealth growth are set to increase demand for food and feed in the near future. The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimate that food production will have to increase by 60% in the coming decades to accommodate this increased demand, and with vulnerable smallholder farmers providing food for an estimated 2 billion people, climate change poses a significant risk to fulfilling this demand.
Brief Description: Geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) frequently contaminate global fresh water drinking supplies and fish raised by aquaculture methods. Estimated losses to US fish farmers are valued at approximately $60 million per year. This is due to the tainting of the flesh of farmed fish from geosmin and/or 2-MIB contaminations produced by cyanobacteria. Although nontoxic to humans geosmin and 2-MIB are generally associated with an undesirable musty or muddy taste and odor which indicates their presence.
Tilapia has become the second most important fish in aquaculture after carp and before salmon. Consumers are starting to demand hormone-free fish grown under sustainable methods. Scientists at the University of GÃÂ¶ttingen in Germany developed a unique Tilapia with a high male proportions through sustainable temperature treatment.