Advanced biofuels

  • NCF develops a system that dissociates CO2 and H2O into Syngas and Oxygen using concentrated solar energy. The obtained syngas is then converted into liquid fuels or methanol an excellent alternative fuel and the one of the building block in many chemical processes. The oxygen can be used for clean fuel combustion. The system is self-contained extracting all necessary energy for the process from the solar energy. Eventually the product will be in the form of large plants installed in high solar radiation areas producing hundreds of thousands of tons of fuel per year.

  • Knowledge partner
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    Ecuador
    Relation to CTCN
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    TA proponent
    Sector(s) of expertise
    Renewable energy
    Energy efficiency
    Transport
    Waste management

    IIGE is a research institute that promotes development, innovation and transmission of technology focused on energy efficiency and renewable energy.

  • Knowledge partner
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration
    Japan
    Relation to CTCN
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise
    Renewable energy
    Energy efficiency
    Forestry
    Transport
    Waste management

    The Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC) is an entity that supports the UNEP’s International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC), based in Japan.

  • Publication date
    Objective
    Sectors

    This report address two questions: What are the environmental, social and economic impacts of using alternative fuels compared with conventional fuels in cement manufacturing? How does the use of alternatives in cement manufacturing compare with other possible end-of-life options like recycling or disposal in landfills? Systematic reviews collate, analyze and synthesize the body evidence from both academia and practice on a topic. As a result, they provide a powerful tool in moving forward research, business practice and public policy.

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    Objective

    This report studies the situation of biofuels in Brazil. Some of the conclussions arrising from the article are: first the development of first generation ethanol implementation has not provided stimulus to spur cellulosic or advanced biofuel legislation and developement. Second, if cellulosic or advanced biofuels are to be developed to large scale and play an important role in the future fuel transport mix, Brazil should be taking more steps into the promotion of such fuels, helping to diversity the feedstock sources as it currently does with sugarcane in first generation.

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    Objective

    This paper--a product of the Environment and Energy Team, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the department to analyse economic, social and environmental impacts of biofuels.

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    Objective

    The Senegalese government contacted the United Nation’s Climate Technology Centre & Network (CTCN) to assist with introducing innovative technologies - to help local industry implement energy efficient solutions - and better utilize waste and bi-products - while at the same time improving competitiveness and productivity.

  • Publication date
    Objective

    Many industrial countries have agreed to binding reductions of greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol. A carbon tax is one of the most efficient instruments available to achieve this objective. While such a tax could generate substantial revenue, it could also reduce the rate of economic growth, worsen the distribution of income, and erode the competitiveness of a country.s exports. This paper reviews the literature for empirical evidence on the seriousness of the carbon tax's macroeconomic impacts.