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Zambia

Official Name:
Republic of Zambia

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Mr. Ben Makayi
Position:
Senior Science and Technology Officer
Phone:
+260 211 252073, +260 977 344993
Emails:
makayinjamba2004@gmail.com

Energy profile

Zambia (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In 2009, approximately 18.8% of the Zambian population had electricity access. In 2008, the urban access rate was 44%, with the rural access rate being just 2.2%.Only 16.7% of households in Zambia have access to electricity. The majority of the population relies heavily on charcoal and firewood for heating and cooking, whilst candles and kerosene are used for lighting.The major power stations are linked via a transmission and distribution network of 2,008 km of 330 kV lines, 548 km of 220 kV lines, 85 km of 132 kV lines, 704 km of 88 kV lines, and 3,014 km of 66 kV lines. Further distribution occurs on over 6,500 km of 33 kV and 11 kV lines.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyAverage solar insolation is roughly 5.5 kWh/m²/day, with approximately 3,000 sunshine hours annually, providing good potential for solar thermal and photovoltaic exploitation. Solar power has previously been proposed as a cost-effective method for rural electrification and a compliment to existing auto-generation in the country. NAPS, a Finland-based company, is planning to set up a solar energy plant in Zambia to provide cost-effective solar kits for people in various parts of the country, in an effort to remove barriers between local solar dealers and manufacturers. Development of the country’s solar resource is still slow, although numerous past projects have proven the effectiveness of solar technology, for example European Union-funded installations in healthcare centres.Wind energyWind speeds average 2.5m/s at 10m above the ground, a speed which is mainly suitable for mechanical applications. Seven areas have been identified as viable for off-grid wind power generation, although little development has occurred. Biomass energy Woodlands and forests are estimated to cover about 50 million hectares or 66 percent of Zambia's total land area. 341,000 units of biogas digesters are currently operational in the country. With ample forest coverage, and dedicated support from the government, an integrated household-level biogas program is a possibility in the country. Bio-gasification is most common in urban compounds. Sugar cane is being grown in three provinces, and processed by three different companies with a projected capacity of 483,000 tonnes of sugar per year. At present no ethanol is being produced by the main sugar growing companies, but Lee Yeast Ltd in Kafue (Lusaka Province) produces ethanol from molasses purchased from Zambia Sugar Plc.Geothermal energy Zambia has geothermal energy potential, although it has not been examined in great detail. Geothermal power installations have been constructed, totalling some 200 kW, but only as a means for assessing potential, and never on a large scale. Over 80 hot springs exist at the 200 kW Kapishya Plant, located in Sumbu on the shores of Lake Tanganyika. More recent surveys were carried out by KENGEN, the Kenyan electricity generation utility.Hydropower  Small hydro potential stands at 4 MW. An estimated 17,233 GWh/year was deemed to be economically feasible in 1991. Zambia has an estimated large-hydro power potential of 6,000MW, of which less than 2,000MW has been harnessed. Sites yet to be developed include Kafue Gorge Lower, Itezhi Tezhi, Kalungwishi, Mambilima, Batoka Gorge, Devil’s Gorge, Kabompo, and others.

Energy framework

The development plans based on the Energy Policy 1994, and the succeeding policy in May 2008, have put more emphasis on grid hydro-electricity compared to other renewable energy technologies. These plans include the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), Transitional National Development Plan (TNDP) (2002-2005), the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) (2006-2010), and the Sixth National Development Plan (2011-2015). The PRSP acknowledges the importance of harnessing renewable energy resources to meet the country’s energy needs.  However, no investment strategy or targets for renewable energy technologies are defined in the PRSP and the main focus is on hydropower. The Sixth NDP sets out specific goals for the energy sector, including increasing capacity by 1,000 MW compared to 2010 levels, improving rural and national electrification to 15% and 40% respectively, and increasing the capacity of petroleum bulk storage facilities, to enable the storage of 30 days of strategic stock. Programme goals under the NDP include:implementing a cost-effective electricity tariff regime,establishing an open and non-discriminatory transmission access regime in the sector,introducing and appropriate cost-effective renewable energy feed-in tariff,promoting the use of biogas for cooking, lighting and electricity generation,increase biofuel substitution for mineral oil to 10%, anddevelop a Biomass Energy Strategy, to improve the sustainability and effectiveness of biomass supply.Also covered under the Sixth NDP are plans to further implement the Rural Electrification Master Plan (REMP), build capacity in the engineering sector for energy efficiency and develop an Energy Efficiency Plan, and further develop the environmental technology industry in the country, with an incentive framework.The National Energy Policy 2008 also sets out a number of policy measures for renewable energy, including the investigation of RE potentials, the strengthening of the institutional framework for RE research and development, and the provision of financial and fiscal implements for the stimulation of RE deployment.Energy & Environmental Concerns for Zambia (EECZ), a grouping of researchers, academics and policy makers have the following objectives:- To contribute to the development, promotion and wider use of energy in a sustainable manner,- To provide a forum for interaction and exchange of ideas between individuals and organisations involved in the planning, development and sustainable utilisation of energy,- To foster education, scientific research and development and the nation-wide dissemination of information in energy and the environment.The Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP), in association with the Department of Energy, and the Ministry of Energy and Water Development, are working on a mechanism to increase access to reliable, affordable, and environmentally sustainable energy services as a means of enhancing economic and social development.

Source
Static Source:
  • Adaptation Planning with Communities: Practitioner Brief 1

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Approach:

    The brief provides a conceptual overview of ALP's Community Adaptation Action Planning (CAAP) process, as well as explanations and examples of how it works in practice, based on ALP experiences in Ghana and Niger. It describes how to progress from climate vulnerability and capacity assessments in a participatory community planning process. ALP community plans focused on livelihoods and natural resource issues, but the CAAP process described applies for addressing all climate sensitive sectors, for example health, education, energy, or social safety nets.

  • FOKABS INC.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    FOKABS’ mission is to contribute towards climate-resilient and low-carbon development solutions. The company provides advisory services on climate change, especially in developing countries. FOKABS offers services in capacity building, project development, climate finance and international negotiations in the areas of nationally determined contributions (NDC), national adaptation plans (NAP), reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), CDM, and NAMA.

  • Options for Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Coastal Environments

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This guide is about taking account of, and managing, ecosystems to help people adapt to climate change in coastal areas: coastal Ecosystem based Adaptation (EBA). Vital to human wellbeing, adaptation to climate change is increasingly important in international policy discussions such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which have acknowledged the potential importance of EBA in meeting this challenge.

  • Watermelon live mulch climatic adaptation capabilities in Africa tropical cropping systems.

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Books/Chapters in Books: (1) David Ojo. 2016. Watermelon live mulch climatic adaptation capabilities in Africa tropical cropping systems. In: Handbook of Cucurbits: Growth, Cultural Practices and Physiology. Taylor & Francis Publishing Group (TFG), Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A. Edited by Pessarakli. Catalog #: K23003. ISBN: 978-1-4822-3458-9. 13pp. (2) David Ojo. 2015. Cucurbits: Botany, Ecology, Genetic Resources and Breeding. In: Handbook of Cucurbits: Growth, Cultural Practices and Physiology. Taylor & Francis Publishing Group (TFG), Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.

  • Gesellschaft für Organisation, Planung und Ausbildung mbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    GOPA Consultants is a private consulting company with over 50 years of experience in designing and implementing technical assistance projects for national and international donors. Its main areas of competence are: educationand employment promotion; governance and economic development; infrastructure development; M&E; rural development and environment as well as statistics. Among others, GOPA has successfully implemented projects on climate change mitigation and adaptation, sustainable agriculture, food security, NRM and biodiversity, drought resilience, and food security.

  • AERA GROUP

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    France
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Formerly known as Ecosur Afrique, Aera Group is a market leader in Africa holding the largest carbon projects portfolio and the record number of registered carbon activities across Africa. Aera Group assists renewable energy, energy efficiency and waste treatment projects to reach carbon certification under the Clean Development Mechanism, the Gold Standard and/or the Verified Carbon Standard. Aera Group coordinates all steps from eligibility assessment to technical documentation drafting, validation and registration assistance, monitoring, verification and issuance support.

  • Acclimatise Group Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Acclimatise has been engaged in the delivery of climate risk management since its inception in 2004, advising private and public sector clients in developed and developing countries, on how to make their policies, projects, investments and assets resilient to climate change risks today and into the future. Acclimatise has been active in assessing and supporting climate services development and increasing capacity to use technologies to build resilience, particularly in developing countries.

  • Perspectives Climate Group GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Perspectives Climate Group develops policy instruments for GHG mitigation for NAMAs and NDCs as well as support services for GHG mitigation projects under market mechanisms, with activities in over 40 countries in Europe, Africa and Asia. Perspectives supports design of mitigation documentation for efficiency in power plants, industrial boilers, and buildings, as well as municipal waste management, waste-water, renewable energy and demand-side energy efficiency. Perspectives is specialized in methodologies for baselines under market mechanisms and supporting access to climate finance.

  • LTS International

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    LTS is an international company with more than 40 years of experience that provides professional consultancy and project management services to support sustainable development in the public and private sectors across Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas, principally across developing nations. LTS delivers a range of services within climate change such as: climate risk and vulnerability assessments, adaptation planning, climate mainstreaming, climate screening, MRV systems development, monitoring adaptation, communications, information platform and capacity development.

  • Antea Belgium

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Belgium
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Antea®Group Belgium is an international engineering and environmental consulting firm. Antea Group specializes in full-service solutions in the fields of environment, infrastructure, urban planning and water. Antea Group Belgium has developed a wide scope of expertise which allows for a multidisciplinary and interactive project implementation. Services include (policy) advice, research and technical assistance as required for project implementation and project management ranging from small local projects to the coordination of international consortia.