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SMARTer2030 is the third instalment in the acclaimed GeSI series of SMART reports, demonstrating the enabling potential of ICT in eight different sectors (from buildings to energy, from transport to agriculture and healthcare), and how ICT solutions can support the transition to a low-carbon economy while delivering business opportunities and improving people's quality of life.
SystemTransformation - How Digital Solutions Will Drive Progress Towards the Sustainable Development GoalsType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
Building on the findings of the GeSI SMARTer2030 report, #SystemTransformation looks at how ICT will be instrumental in the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The report analyzes the current SDGs implementation gaps, identifies the key features that make ICT a fundamental tool to achieve the Goals, and provides a deep-dive into those Goals where the ICT contribution can be most immediate and important.
Gendered Analysis of the Working for Water Programme: A Case Study of the Tsitsikama Working for Water ProgrammeType:PublicationPublication date:Approach:
The Working for Water (WfW) programme is one of the Expanded Public Works Programmes (EPWP) housed within the South African Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. As both the EPWP and WfW programme focus strongly on the employment of women, this paper conducts a gender analysis of the WfW project. This is done by applying a specific framework to six thematic focus areas: institutional issues; funding; poverty alleviation; contract development; social development; and training.
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Trade liberalisation processes impact differently on men and women due to the fact that men and women have different roles in production. Despite the fact that women are actively involved in international trade, WTO agreements are gender blind and as such have adverse impacts on women. The General Agreement in Trade and Service (GATS), for instance, provides for a level playing field in service provision between big foreign owned companies and small locally owned companies.
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The urban poor suffer disproportionately from the effects of air pollution. Could changes in patterns of urban and domestic energy use reduce outdoor and indoor air pollution? How can recent advances in environmental economics contribute to pro-poor cost-benefit analysis of options to tackle the growing problem of foul air?
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This paper examines the impact of climate change on children’s health in the Limpopo province of South Africa. Over 20 years of data were collected to analyse climatic conditions in the province. The study employs regression analysis to examine the relationships between climatic parameters and incidence of diseases, and to predict distribution of diseases by 2050. The results show that the most prevalent diseases were diarrhoea, followed by respiratory infection, asthma and malaria.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa: convergence with tuberculosis, socioecological vulnerability, and climate change patternsType:PublicationPublication date:
This journal article argues that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have weakened physiological responses and are immunologically vulnerable to pathogens and stressors in their environment, putting them at a health disadvantage in climate-based rising temperatures, water scarcity, air pollution, potential water- and vector-borne disease outbreaks, and habitat redistributions. It is argued that coupled with HIV/AIDS, climate change threatens ecological biodiversity via a larger-scale socioeconomic recourse to natural resources.