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Yemen

Official Name:
Republic of Yemen
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Specialized agency
Name:
Dr. Abdulqader Alkharraz
Position:
Chairman, Environment Protection Authority
Phone:
+967 777479801
Emails:
k-ecc@hotmail.com, fahmi.binshbrak@gmail.com

Energy profile

Yemen (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The Yemeni population has the lowest access to electricity in the region, with only 54% having access. Of the 72% of the Yemeni population living in rural areas, only 42% have any access to electricity, compared to 92% of the urban population. The country’s main Public Electricity Company (PEC) grid connects mainly urban areas and the cities and until now has entirely excluded the former South Yemen. The remainder is estimated to have some access from other sources, typically a diesel generator, or the use of PEC-managed local mini-grids and of independent neighbourhood mini-grids that supply electricity for a few hours per day.The PEC distributes electricity in the national grid through two 132 kV transmission systems, one serving the northern region of Sanaa-Hodeidah-Aden, the other serving Mukalla and Hadramout.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyYemen is one of the regions in the world that has high levels of solar radiation, with an average of 6.8-5.2 kW/m2 per day. In his article, “Clearing the Hurdles: Renewable Energy in Yemen,” General Electricity Director Abdulmati Al-Junaid confirmed that Yemen has one of the world’s highest levels of solar radiation. “It is both technically and economically feasible for Yemen to produce 34 gigawatts of electricity”.Wind energyYemen has  a long coastline and high altitudes  with an estimated 4.1 hours of full-load wind per day. According to an assessment of wind potential in Almkhai by Egyptian experts, from this regional alone could produce 1.8 GW of power and the average annual wind speed is 7.4 m/s. In Al-Mokha a wind farm of 60 MW capacity is planned. Total wind power potential is estimated to be 34 GW. The technical potential was estimated at 14,200 MW providing about 42,300 GWh of electricity per year.Geothermal energyA study estimated that 2,900 MW of power might be available from geothermal sources. A preliminary survey in the 1980s identified that there is some geothermal potential to the south of Sanaa; the most promising of which is located at Dhamar. This resource is thought be sufficient to support a 50 MW plant and the ultimate resource could be between 250-500 MW.  A MoU was signed with an Icelandic company to develop a 10 MW plant on the site, but the company went bankrupt during the financial crisis. Exploratory drilling is now being financed by UNEP.Biomass/Biofuels/HydropwerYemeni potential for these technologies has not been examined. The fragmentation of land ownership in the country would prove a barrier to biofuel/biomass power generation uptake.Around 10 MW of electric power could theoretically be produced from the current rate of municipal solid waste MSW production in the main cities of Yemen. If the restriction is imposed to consider only cities that generate more than 100 thousand tons of solid waste per year the figure falls to around 8 MW. Of this 6 MW could be obtained from landfill sites in the four largest cities of Sana’a, Aden, Hodeidah and Taiz and is most likely to be cost-effective.

Energy framework

The aim of government policy on renewable energy is to optimize the use of energy from domestic sources; increase the share of renewable energy in electricity generation to 15–20 per cent by 2025; and promote sustainable development of the electricity sector.To this end, the Yemeni government and private sector investors plan to set up a wind power plant in Yemen at a total cost of $320 million to generate 182 megawatts of electricity. Work on the project is expected to start in 2011, and will take five years to be completed.A nationwide rural electrification programme has been committed through the Power Sector Development Strategy Note of 1997, updated in 2006. Based on preparatory market assessment studies conducted through a GEF-funded Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development Project (REREDP), the Cabinet approved a Rural Electrification Policy Statement (REPS) in July 2008. The National Rural Electrification Strategy will result in increased access for over 520,000 new rural households that will increase access from the current level of about 20% to about 46% of rural households and benefit more than 3.5 million people.The Rural Energy Access Project is funded by the World Bank from 2006 to 2015 in order to improve electricity access of rural populations in the selected project areas and to demonstrate the feasibility of increasing the access to electricity of Rural Households (RHH) in off-grid areas through implementation of Solar Home Systems (SHS).In June 2009, the government approved the National Strategy for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency which targets a 15% increase of energy efficiency in the power sector by 2025. However, the target is yet to be framed with policy measures for efficiency improvements.In March 2009, a new Electricity Law, which sets out to improve the management of the power sector and to facilitate investment by private capital, was issued. One of the stated objectives of the law is to encourage environmentally friendly power production including renewable energy and relying on it as a sustainable source of energy. It tasks the Ministry of Electricity and Energy to encourage and develop the use of renewable energy resources in the generation of electrical power. In addition, the law creates a regulatory office to be known as the electricity Sector Regulatory Board as well as a new authority called the Rural Electrification Authority.ESMAP (Energy Sector Management Assistance Program by the UNDP and the World Bank) conducted a Yemen Renewable Energy Framework in 2011 to assist the government to develop and implement a policy and contractual framework to support the large scale, commercial wind development by both the public and private sectors.Yemen is a founding member of the Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RECREEE, www.recreee.org/), a Cairo-based think tank to promote renewable energies and energy efficiency, established in 2008. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.

  • World Coal Association

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    World Coal Association is the global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. The WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. World coal organization's regular policy analysis, workshops, media updates and strategic research provide access to  the highest level of information on the global coal industry and its role in energy, climate and sustainable development issues. 

     

  • Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Ireland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Environmental Research Institute (ERI) is a flagship Institute for Environmental, Marine and Energy research in Ireland. The ERI has over 300 researchers working in interdisciplinary and currently has 45 live research projects focused on climate mitigation, adaptation and understanding. Focus areas include energy modelling, marine renewables, biofuels, energy efficiency, climate adaptation platforms, modelling greenhouse gas fluxes, atmospheric chemistry and carbon liabilities.