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Uruguay

Official Name:
Eastern Republic of Uruguay

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Nathalie Pareja
Position:
Climate Change director
Phone:
+598 2 9170 710
Emails:
npareja@mvotma.gub.uy
,
Name:
Mr. Jorge Castro
Position:
Consultant in Climate Change Division
Phone:
+598 2 9170 710 (ext. 1234)
Emails:
jorge.castro@mvotma.gub.uy

Energy profile

Uruguay (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Access to electricity is very high: 98.7%, being above average coverage for countries with public electricity service.The Uruguayan and Argentine power grids have been interconnected for almost 20 years via a system of 500 kV lines. In January 1997, Uruguay and Brazil signed an agreement which allowed for the connection of their power grids.

Renewable energy potential

Hydropower

Between 2003 and 2007, 68% of Uruguay’s energy needs were met by hydroelectric dams on the Uruguay River. The largest of these impoundments, the Salto Grande, a facility shared with Argentina, has generated up to half of Uruguay’s electricity in the past. Apart from the bi-national Salto Grande, with a total capacity of 1,890 MW, existing plants are Terra (152 MW), Baygorria (108 MW), Constitucion (333 MW). All the potential for large hydro in Uruguay has already been developed.

Solar energy

Uruguay has good potential for solar energy, with an average horizontal irradiance of 5.2 kWh/m2/day. Statutes are in place to guarantee the use of solar water heating in any public building with over 20% of total energy demand from water heating. There are pilot projects, mainly for municipal lighting.

Wind energy

In Uruguay, the wind resource is favourable, but its cost – estimated at US$45-50/MWh for large projects (50-100 MW) is still uncertain. As result, the estimated wind potential of 600 MW cannot yet be taken as feasible, from an economic standpoint.The first wind farm in Uruguay, the 10 MW Nuevo Manantial project (in Rocha), which will sell the electricity generated to UTE, started operations in October 2008. In January 2009, UTE’s 10 MW wind farm in Sierra de los Caracoles (Maldonado Department) also started operations. According to the National Directorate for Energy and Nuclear Technology (DNETN), grid-connected wind power generation is one of the domestic resources with more potential in Uruguay for the medium and long term.

Biomass energy

Rice husk, whose economic volume could generate up to 20 MW at competitive prices; firewood has already been used as a substitute for fuel oil in the 1980s, and cellulose projects expect to generate up to 65 MW for sales to the network.

Geothermal energy

Whilst the geothermal potential of the Chaco-Paraná basin has been previously examined, no study has yet been conducted as to the potential for geothermal energy use in the country.

Energy framework

The Energy Strategy Guidelines for Uruguay was defined in 2006 by the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mines (MIEM). This strategy includes:diversifying energy sources to reduce costs and emissions, as well as increase energy security;increasing private participation in new renewable power generation;increasing regional energy trade; facilitating the availability and acquisition of energy efficient goods and services, including efforts to raise public awareness regarding demand-side management interventions.

Source
Static Source:
  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) Program (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    The primary mission of the Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) program is to support the development and use of sustainable energy technologies and services within the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) member states. This website lists current projects commissioned by SEPA and provides documents produced through the projects. The website also lists upcoming events and news related to SEPA and explains SEPA's mission, goals, and current activities.

  • IRENA Portal for Studies on Renewable Energy Potential

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This portal provides access to over 10,000 existing references of studies on renewable resources and potentials available worldwide. The information on this portal is presented using interactive flash maps with color codes that indicate the number of references available by country. Renewable energy resources considered include biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, marine, solar and wind energy.

  • Transforming On-Grid Renewable Energy Markets: A Review of United National Development Programme-Global Environment Facility Support for Feed-In Tariffs and Related Price and Market-Access Instruments

    Type: 
    Publication
    Transforming On-Grid Renewable Energy Markets: A Review of United National Development Programme-Global Environment Facility Support for Feed-In Tariffs and Related Price and Market-Access Instruments
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    Policy and financial “derisking” instruments that encourage the growth of renewable energy in developing countries without detracting from the key development goals of the country are the focus of this paper. The authors explore best practices in the field and offer Uruguay, Mauritius, and Kazakhstan as examples of countries with programs piloted by United Nations Development Programme-Global Environment Facility (UNDP-GEF).

  • REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report: Latin America

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    With a focus on Latin America, this webinar—part of a series—presents the findings of REN21’s Renewables 2012 Global Status Report, which addresses the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies, and investment over the past years.