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Trinidad and Tobago

Official Name:
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Region:

Energy profile

Trinidad and Tobago (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Household electrification in the country is over 97%. Two 33kV submarine cables link the islands' electricity networks.

Renewable energy potential

Development and use of renewable energy sources are still in their embryonic stages in Trinidad and Tobago. Although, it has been acknowledged that some of the more commercial areas of renewable energy, which are applicable to the Caribbean region in general and to Trinidad and Tobago in particular, are solar energy – thermal and photovoltaic, wind, wave, and to a lesser extent, biomass.Solar energyWith an average global horizontal irradiance of 5.5-6.0 kWh/m2/day, Trinidad and Tobago are well suited for application of solar technologies, both thermal and photovoltaic. Possible applications include solar crop drying and use in water heating, as well as for electricity generation.Wind energyGovernment officials have recently stated the nation's interest in exploiting the potential wind resource of the island. Mean annual wind speeds over the country are not as high as some of the country's Caribbean neighbours, but are still serviceable.HydropowerNo study has been conducted as to the traditional hydro-electric potential of the country, although wave power has been proposed as a source of energy for the islands.Biomass energyThe Government is currently investigating the use of biomass energy as a potential source of electricity, however, applications are said to be limited due to the scarceness of agricultural land and water in the country.Geothermal energyWhilst the country's oil industry is indirectly involved with geothermal energy through its assistance to the Kittitian/Nevisean geothermal market, development of potential geothermal sources in the country has been ruled out by the Government.

Energy framework

The energy policies of T&T focus on seven areas as shown in the website of the Ministry of Energy and Energy Affairs:Local content: promotion of local content and local participation,Renewable energy: development and utilization of renewable energy resources, including solar photovoltaic and thermal energy, wind energy, wave energy and bio-fuels (biomass, biogas, biodiesel  and bio-ethanol),Infrastructural development: development of major energy-based infrastructure nergy- nol), –  ew. 1,344 MW); facilities,electricity: conversion from gas turbine and steam  plants to combined cycle generation of electricity,regional and international initiatives: regional and international relations and cooperation initiatives regarding energy security, pricing, purchasing and transportation,fiscal regime: fiscal regime to promote energy-based investment,LNG: pursuit of new LNG opportunities targeted at the domestic market.With the election of a new government in May 2010, the new authorities have indicated the need to move forward in the reform for a sustainable and cleaner energy matrix that will stimulate the development of RE (such as wind, waste to energy, solar water heaters and photovoltaic (PV) systems), EE and efficient use of fossil fuels as the core elements to maintain long-term sustainability, and as a consequence of the latter, contribute to reducing Green House Gas emissions (GHG).A climate change policy has been drafted and the Ministry of Energy and Energy Affairs (MEEA) is currently conducting public consultations to inform the drafting of an Energy Policy for the country. Elements of the draft energy policy include strategies for carbon reduction and strategies for introducing renewable energy. Plans for implementing mitigation and adaptation strategies to deal with the effects of climate change have been integrated into national planning; recognizing the fact that climate change affects all sectors of the economy and, if not addressed, can retard steps towards future development.In the report ‘‘A New Policy for Energy, 2011–2015’’ energy efficiency, conservation and management initiatives are given central roles within renewable energy, NG utilization and pricing, and carbon reduction strategies. In the preface of a report of the Energy Research and Planning Division for the renewable energy policy for T&T, it is stated that ‘‘Local energy demand for this finite resource [NG] is on the increase, making conservation paramount. This could be reasonably addressed by utilization of RE resources, increasing EE, decreasing energy demand and the use of alternative fuels in the transportation sector.’’ The report concludes with the statement ‘‘Noteworthy however, is that practical solutions for improving energy efficiency are essential to complement renewable energy programmes’’. 

Source
Static Source:
  • United Nations University – Institute for Water, Environment and Health

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    UNU-INWEH is a member of the United Nations University family of organizations. It is the United Nations Think Tank on Water created by the UNU Governing Council in 1996. The vision of the institute is a world free of water problems where sustainable human development and environmental health and security are assured for all.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) Program (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    The primary mission of the Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) program is to support the development and use of sustainable energy technologies and services within the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) member states. This website lists current projects commissioned by SEPA and provides documents produced through the projects. The website also lists upcoming events and news related to SEPA and explains SEPA's mission, goals, and current activities.

  • Background Data Collection on Bio-Energy in the Caribbean and Central America

    Type: 
    Publication
    Background Data Collection on Bio-Energy in the Caribbean and Central America
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This report identifies opportunities for bio-energy development in Caribbean and Central American nations, including the technical potential for biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) and biopower generation. A country overview, energy overview, bio-energy production technical potential, and supporting data are provided for each country. Information can be used to launch more in-depth market assessments.

  • IRENA Portal for Studies on Renewable Energy Potential

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This portal provides access to over 10,000 existing references of studies on renewable resources and potentials available worldwide. The information on this portal is presented using interactive flash maps with color codes that indicate the number of references available by country. Renewable energy resources considered include biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, marine, solar and wind energy.

  • REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report: Latin America

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    With a focus on Latin America, this webinar—part of a series—presents the findings of REN21’s Renewables 2012 Global Status Report, which addresses the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies, and investment over the past years.

  • Societal benefits from renewable energy in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This analysis quantifies societal benefits of employing renewables in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of avoided costs (climate change avoided costs, avoided pollution control costs, avoided energy security costs) and economic benefits (improvements in the balance of payments and job creation). Results of the analysis indicate that societal benefits are large enough to compensate the cost disadvantage of solar and wind energy against fossil alternatives, justifying the eventual wholesale entry of these options.

  • Rethinking Our Energy Future: A White Paper on Renewable Energy for the 3GFLAC Regional Forum

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This document focuses on Latin America and the Caribbean’s need to define its future energy model and meet the increasing energy demand by addressing three questions: What is the magnitude of the available renewable sources? What are the associated societal benefits? And, what are the policy options for adopting renewable energy?

  • Biocombustibles Líquidos para Transporte en América Latina y el Caribe

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    Ethanol production is rapidly expanding in Latin America and the Caribbean. This report indicates that ethanol sales can be supported by the elimination of import duties and consumption taxes, in addition to other incentives that may eventually be available to make the project viable. This publication summarizes the current situation of ethanol production, use, and potential over the region.