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Tajikistan

Official Name:
Republic of Tajikistan
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Nasimjon Rajabov
Position:
Head of the Climate change and Ozone center
Phone:
+992 938991001
Emails:
office@climatechange.tj, nasim.rajabov@gmail.com
,
Name:
Anvar Homidov
Position:
Senior Climate Change Specialist
Phone:
+992 372276181
Emails:
cc_center@meteo.tj, khanvar@mail.ru

Energy profile

Tajikistan (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Barqi Tojik data indicates that, despite comprising nearly three quarters of the country’s population, rural households during 2008- 2010 accounted for only 8%-11% of Tajikistan’s total electricity consumption. It is estimated that over 1 million residents (primarily in rural areas) have little or no access to adequate electricity/energy supplies—particularly during the winter, when it is common to have spells of more than six weeks without any electricity.The absence of reliable electricity supplies means reduced access to health, education, and other public and social services in rural areas; it also constrains business formation and development. Perhaps most importantly, the absence of reliable electricity supplies in rural areas means the absence of income- and employment-generation opportunities for vulnerable households—for many of which, migration has become the dominant coping mechanism.

Renewable energy potential

HydropowerTajikistan’s economically feasible hydropower potential is estimated to be 264 billion kWh per year, of which only about 6% has been harnessed so far.On the basis of research covering 530 large and small rivers with a total length of 14,316 kilometres, Tajikistani specialists have concluded that the exploitation of only 10% of the hydroelectricity potential of small rivers in middle and high mountainous zones would allow for power supply for up to 70% of the settlements and agricultural entities. In particular, they estimate that in the Rasht area alone more than 100 small hydropower plants could be built.Exclusive reliance on small scale hydropower plants is unlikely to be sufficient to provide the electricity needed for rural residents to consume electricity on par with the urban residents; nor can it by itself allow for significant developments of rural industry. Still, small hydro clearly represents a viable economic and technological option for many households in remote, isolated locations. Its utilization can be scaled up in a matter of few years with minimal up-front costs, provided certain policy and hydrological conditions are met.Solar The estimated potential for solar power is about 25 billion kWh/year in Tajikistan. It is also estimated that the utilization of available solar energy in Tajikistan could satisfy as much as 10%-20% of national energy demand (note that the estimate was in the light of the tariffs prevailing in 2007). Local experts estimate that the climatic conditions of Tajikistan are favourable for using solar energy, especially in mountain territories, and in East Pamir in particular, where hydropower potential is limited. The majority of this solar potential is not exploited; there is no industrial solar energy capacity in Tajikistan. There is some use of solar resource for water heating purposes; this could be developed further. Small-scale photovoltaic technologies (primarily for public building) could also be introduced, particularly in very remote areas with low population densities where grid reinforcement or new connections seem infeasible.Wind Wind power potential in Tajikistan remains largely un-researched. Local experts believe that wind energy can be commercially viable in certain regions, where the average annual wind speed is around 5-6 meters/second (such as Fedchenko and Anzob, territory around the Sarez Lake in Gorno Badakhshan).  Four wind power plants were under construction by Barqi Tojik in 2010.BiomassIt is estimated that Tajikistan has the potential to produce around 2 billion kWh/year of electricity from biomass sources. Currently around three quarters of the population use biomass in their housekeeping.  In the countryside, where there is no access to natural gas, biogas technologies could be very promising. According to experts, the wide introduction of biogas technologies using animal or agricultural and household wastes could reduce annual methane emissions 5-8 thousand tons. The most promising option of biomass utilisation is biogas generation by means of anaerobic fermentation of manure. A few experimental biogas generators currently operate in Tajikistan.Opportunities to produce energy via thermochemical conversion of cotton residues may also be present. In 2008 some 253,000 hectares of cotton were planted. Each hectare generated around 100,000 cotton plants, the stalks of which are used for winter heating in rural areas.GeothermalTajikistan’s geothermal resources are small and poorly studied. Data about using thermal waters are generally absent, although the development of thermal water in vicinity of Khodja-Obi-Garm is anticipated. It is estimated that Tajikistan could produce 45 billion kWh annually using geothermal energy sources.

Energy framework

The following legislative acts define the legislative framework of the energy sector (including the electricity sector).The Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On Energy”The legislative framework of the energy sector was introduced with the Law of the RT “On Energy” №123 on 10 November 2000. This Law determined that “all entities in the energy sector are allowed to function under the different ownership forms (state, private, public, mixed and joint).”However, the law keeps the Government of or other delegated government agencies as the principal agencies to manage the energy sector. Along with that, this Law addresses the specifics of how the energy sector functions, which includes: monitoring activities of energy companies, protecting their property and consumer rights protection, determining tariff setting policies in the energy sector, and establishing the authority of the Government of the RT to approve concession agreements on energy facilities, including offering concessions to foreign investors. A new version of this law, initiated by the Government, was accepted with modifications and additions on 30 May 2007.The Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On Energy Conservation” The Law of the RT “On Energy saving” №524 dated 06 February 2002 regulates activities of legal entities and individuals in the energy saving area to raise the efficiency of energy consumption. The goal of this Law is to provide a legislative framework for government policy in the energy conservation while taking into consideration the interests of consumers, energy suppliers and producers. It also aims to stimulate scientific work, and introduce energy efficient technologies and information mechanisms to increase energy efficiency.The following legislative acts determine other aspects of the energy sector:The Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On privatization of state property”The Law, with amendments and additions of 2002 and 26 March 2009, stipulates that the property of the hydroelectric plants “Nurek”, “Rogun” and the State unitary enterprise “Tajik Aluminum Company” is not subject to privatization (Article 9).Tax Code of the Republic of TajikistanPart 53 of the Tax code of the RT dated 03 December 2004 determines a “royalty on water.” The use of hydro resources to produce electric energy at hydropower plants is subject to a royalty. The use of hydro resources for energy production is exempt from a royalty if capacity of energy generating facilities does not exceed 1,000 kW.The Order of the President of the RT “On additional measures for efficient energy use and energy saving” dated 24 April 2009Some of the special orders of the President of Tajikistan have a regulatory status.Complex Programme on Alternative Energy SourcesComplex Programme on Alternative Energy Sources such as small rivers, solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal energy for 2007–2015 (2007), which is divided into three phases:Phase 1 (2007–2009): Compiling a cadastre of alternative energy sources; assessing the potential effectiveness of various technologies, taking into account Tajikistan’s geo-climatic conditions; and developing new renewable energy technologies;Phase 2 (2010–2012): Introducing pilot programmes to test the effectiveness of renewable energy technologies; establishing an industrial base for production; training and capacity building; andPhase 3 (2013–2015): Production of equipment for alternative energy generation.

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.

  • World Coal Association

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    World Coal Association is the global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. The WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. World coal organization's regular policy analysis, workshops, media updates and strategic research provide access to  the highest level of information on the global coal industry and its role in energy, climate and sustainable development issues. 

     

  • Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Ireland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Environmental Research Institute (ERI) is a flagship Institute for Environmental, Marine and Energy research in Ireland. The ERI has over 300 researchers working in interdisciplinary and currently has 45 live research projects focused on climate mitigation, adaptation and understanding. Focus areas include energy modelling, marine renewables, biofuels, energy efficiency, climate adaptation platforms, modelling greenhouse gas fluxes, atmospheric chemistry and carbon liabilities.