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Chad

Official Name:
Republic of Chad

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Specialized agency
Name:
Mr. Mahamat Hassane Idriss
Phone:
+235 66 21 93 40, +235 99 95 11 26
Emails:
mhi1962@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Chad (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

At the national level, 2.2% of households use electricity, with only 12% having access in the capital and 1% in provincial areas. The per capita electricity consumption is one of the lowest in the world and tariffs are among the highest. Interconnection of the national electric network with those of countries in the region with adequate supply capacity, could help address this constraint. The current status of the Chadian electricity network is limited, with three small, non-interconnected grids serving the cities of N'Djamena and Shar Mouduo Abeché constituting the entirety of the distribution infrastructure.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyAs a large number of African countries tend to, Chad has daily solar radiation ranging between 4 and 6 kWh/m2, offering a significant energy resource. Solar energy is primarily used for solar cooking at this time. The majority of the country has a global irradiation of 2,000 – 2,400 kWh/ m2, rising to over 2,800 kWh/ m2 in some areas. Wind energyThe country shows significant wind potential in its central region, where the theoretical potential reaches 7-7.5 m/s. However, in Chad the political stance has not been clearly stated with regards to the development of wind energy projects and the technical feasibility of wind energy projects is non-conclusive, at least in the medium term (electrical grid, electrical load, layout of the land, etc.). In addition, other forms of renewable energy are perceived to be either more competitive or more appropriate in the national context (geothermal, hydraulic, bio-combustibles, solar photovoltaic). Biomass energyAgricultural residues are abundant in the region, and are very valuable for energy production. As a sugar producing country, Chad has large quantities of bagasse available for energy production from co-generation as a surplus from the internal sugar mills needs. Biomass is the primary energy source for the majority of the country's rural population, with over 93% using traditional biomass fuels. Geothermal energyEvidence of geothermal activity has been noted in mineral resource surveys in the Tibesti area of the country. However, no study has been undertaken as to the potential of this resource for power generation. HydropowerChad’s economically and technically feasible hydropower potential is approximately 150 GWh/year. Plans are ongoing to create an inter-connection between hydropower resources in Cameroon and N'Djamena, the Chadian capital.

Energy framework

In April 2000, the government of Chad began to prepare a National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS) as part of a participatory process involving the private and the public sector, opinion leaders, academia, and civil society organizations. The NPRS presents an overall view of the country’s economic and social policies and proposes to cut poverty by half in less than 15 years (by 2015).For the energy sector, the NPRS places special significance on strategies to ensure strong and sustainable growth that helps to reduce poverty, in particular by: (i) developing infrastructure to support power generation,(ii) making electricity available to users at a more reasonable cost, and (iii) promoting alternative sources of energy (solar, wind, etc.) to limit the cutting of firewood, which is exacerbating desertification. In 2000, the Chadian government revised its Petroleum Code. The revision allowed for production sharing agreements (PSAs), between foreign companies and the Chadian government. In addition, the government made the investment climate more attractive by reducing the corporate income tax rate from 50% to 45%. The country is in the process of implementing a national energy policy, with considerations given to renewable energy. An advisory committee of experts, technical advisers to the President, and senior ministerial officials involved in the energy sector has been formed, to advise the government on the formulation of a new energy policy framework.

Source
Static Source:
  • ECO Consult Sepp & Busacker Partnerschaft

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    ECO Consult Sepp & Busacker Partnerschaft was founded in the year of the UN Rio Summit in 1992. ECO, offers integrated advisory services for developing countries and countries in transition. ECO is among Germany’s leading international consultants to offer independent technical advise for sustainable development in the environment and social sectors, particularly in the fields of REDD+ and wood energy, along the value-chain from the production to the end-users, including innovative stove and carbonization technologies.

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    Type: 
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    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

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    Type: 
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    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    With a focus on Africa, this webinar—part of a series—presents the findings of REN21’s Renewables 2012 Global Status Report, which addresses the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years.

  • IRENA Portal for Studies on Renewable Energy Potential

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This portal provides access to over 10,000 existing references of studies on renewable resources and potentials available worldwide. The information on this portal is presented using interactive flash maps with color codes that indicate the number of references available by country. Renewable energy resources considered include biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, marine, solar and wind energy.

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    Type: 
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    Review of Strategies and for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids
    Publication date:

    This report provides an assessment of methods for managing loads in the context of the isolated, village-scale mini-grid, which is typically limited in both generation capacity and finances. With limited generation capacity, some form of demand-side management (DSM) strategy or technology is required to maintain reliable electricity service and ensure equitable sharing of the resource among users. However, due to limited financial resources, any DSM measures applied must be cost-effective and appropriate to the particular mini-grid.

  • Sustainable Urban Energy Planning: A Handbook for Cities and Towns in Developing Countries

    Type: 
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    Publication date:

    The main purpose of this handbook is to assist people who are working in or with local government to develop sustainable energy and climate action plans and implementation programs. The handbook discusses why it is important for urban centers in developing countries to engage in sustainable energy planning and provides a step-by-step process for developing and implementing a sustainable energy plan. Over 70 short case studies are included.

  • Scenarios & Strategies for Africa

    Type: 
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    Scenarios & Strategies for Africa
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This working paper outlines the state of knowledge that will serve as a basis for the Scenarios & Strategies for Africa project. The goal of the project is to prepare in-depth analysis and use models and scenarios to support and feed into national renewables readiness assessments. It will focus on innovation and technology issues for 2035, with an outlook to 2050. The longer-term perspective is needed as emerging issues and constraints should be considered in decisions.

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    Type: 
    Publication
    Prospects for the African Power Sector
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    The main goal of the working paper is to provide insights into the opportunities and costs of renewable energy development pathways. The scenarios are not intended to be forecasts of what will happen but rather to allow the complex interaction of markets, costs and other core drivers to be analysed in order to identify key trends, development opportunities and critical technologies or assumptions. The paper provides early insights for the power sector in Africa.