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El Salvador

Official Name:
Republic of El Salvador

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Luis Eduardo Menjívar Recinos
Position:
Coordinator, Analysis and Geospatial Development Unit
Phone:
+503 2132 9532
Emails:
lmenjivar@marn.gob.sv

Energy profile

El Salvador (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2010): 91.2,%:Urban areas: 99%Rural areas: 72%.

Renewable energy potential

HydropowerIn 2007, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCEI) approved US$140 million for the construction and start-up of 64.4-MW EL Chaparral hydroelectric plant.Wind energyEl Salvador currently has no wind power generation. Following studies by the Comisión Hidroeléctrica del Rio Lempa (CEL) and the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), the National Energy Commission´s power generation expansion plan 2012-26 sets out a plan to construct a 42 MW wind farm in Metapan in Western El Salvador by 2016.Geothermal energy The 2007 National Energy Strategy determines that potential geothermal capacity in El Salvador is about 450 MW.Currently, there are two geothermal facilities operating in El Salvador, the 95-MW Ahuachapan, and the 66-MW Berlin plant. Majority state-owned power company LaGeo, formerly Gesal, operates the two plants. LaGeo has expanded the two existing geothermal plants, as well as conducting a feasibility study for a third plant, Cuyanausul.Expansion plans could result in 183 MW additional capacity in the period 2006-2014.Biomass energyIn 2003, Empresa Eléctrica del Norte (EEN) announced the construction of a 5-MW Biomass thermoelectric plant at San Francisco Sugar Mill. The plant consumes part of the electricity generated by bagasse fuel and additional distribution agreements with other local sugar.BiofuelsIn September 2006, El Salvador opened an ethanol plant in Acajutla Port. The American Renewable Fuel Suppliers (ARFS) - comprised of U.S.-based Cargill, Brazilian sugar trader, Crystalsev, and El Salvador’s local sugar company, Compañía Azucarera Salvadoreña - developed the $13 million, 60 million-gallon-per-year (MG/Y) capacity plant. ARFS plans to export the ethanol to the United States where the company can take advantage of the Caribbean Basins Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA), a trade agreement signed in 2000 that allows Caribbean  and Central American countries to export ethanol into the United States duty-free.

Energy framework

The Government’s 2007 National Energy Strategy supports the diversification and increase of energy sources. Besides hydroelectricity and geothermal energy, the government foresees the addition of 50 MW of renewable generation in the next 10 years in the form of wind power, solar power, biomass and mini-hydroelectric plants.  This would reduce the dependence on traditional thermal sources and the vulnerability to high oil prices that the country started to face in 2005.In November 2007, El Salvador approved the Fiscal Incentives Law for the Promotion of Renewable Energy. This new legal framework includes incentives such as a 10 year tax exemption for projects below 10 MW of generation capacity.A new System for the Promotion of Renewable Energy (SIFER) established the creation of a Revolving Fund for the Promotion of Renewable Energy (FOFER) that provides soft loans and guarantees and assists in the financing of feasibility studies for new projects.El Salvador is also one of the countries included in the SIEPAC project, which is integrating the electricity network of the country with the rest of the Central American region.

Source
Static Source:
  • Technology Without Borders: Case Studies of Successful Technology Transfer

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    This report presents case studies of successful transfer of climate-friendly technology -- which are those technologies, practices, and techniques that assist countries in reducing greenhouse gas emissions or assist in adapting to climate change. The report explores the causes for success and draws the lessons learned through a series of diverse case studies that focus on different technologies, regions, and stakeholders.

  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

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    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

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    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Project Outputs Database (Website)

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    This web-based database provides detailed project output documents from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) projects. The database contains output documents from specific types of energy access, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programmes. These documents can be searched based for certain technologies or particular countries. Output documents are in English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Portuguese. REEEP projects aim to improve access to clean and reliable energy in developing countries.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

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    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

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    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Encouraging Renewable Energy Development: A Handbook for International Energy Regulators

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    This report explains for international regulators the role of renewable energy in the regulatory framework. Renewable energy regulatory issues often differ from those regarding traditional fossil fuels due to situations such as newer technologies, and it requires regulators to consider development questions outside the normal cost and benefit analyses. This report is based on a review of best practices and consultation with energy regulators around the world. It focuses on countries for which renewable energy development on a large scale is a new priority.

  • Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) Program (Website)

    Type: 
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    The primary mission of the Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) program is to support the development and use of sustainable energy technologies and services within the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) member states. This website lists current projects commissioned by SEPA and provides documents produced through the projects. The website also lists upcoming events and news related to SEPA and explains SEPA's mission, goals, and current activities.

  • Background Data Collection on Bio-Energy in the Caribbean and Central America

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    Background Data Collection on Bio-Energy in the Caribbean and Central America
    Publication date:
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    This report identifies opportunities for bio-energy development in Caribbean and Central American nations, including the technical potential for biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) and biopower generation. A country overview, energy overview, bio-energy production technical potential, and supporting data are provided for each country. Information can be used to launch more in-depth market assessments.