Connecting countries to climate technology solutions
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Russian Spanish Yoruba

Saudi Arabia

Official Name:
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Abdullah N. ALSarhan
Phone:
+966 11281 9714, +966 50520 1976
Emails:
abdullah.sarhan@mopm.gov.sa

Energy profile

Saudi Arabia (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Saudi Arabia’s electricity distribution network extends to cities, towns and villages across the country.Access to electricity across the country stands at 97%.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energySaudi Arabia has good potential for solar energy use, with an average irradiance of 5.8 kWh/m2/day, or the average annual solar radiation of 2,200 kWh/m2. The national science agency recently announced a new initiative to construct solar-powered desalination plants, with construction of the first stage, a 30,000 m3/day plant in Al-Khafji, due for completion in late 2012. Under the terms of an agreement signed in June 2010, Saudi Aramco are to develop a pilot solar power plant that will have a capacity of 10 MW and is due to come on stream in 2011. Another 20 MW solar power plant is due to be built at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, along with a center devoted to PV technology.Wind energySaudi Arabia has high wind energy potential, with some 4.9 hours of full-load wind per day on average, the highest wind energy potential in the region. Several sites have been identified as having suitable potential. An economic assessment of a wind farm of 20 MW installed capacity in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia found that the wind farm could generate 59,037.7 MWh of electricity annually with plant capacity factor of 33.7%, excluding the wake losses of 3.48%. With prevalent wind turbine and other equipment costs, installation, civil works, balance of plants and operation and maintenance costs, the proposed wind farm could produced the energy at US$2.94 per kWh, indicating that grid connected wind farms could be developed in and around the measurement site.Geothermal energyDespite the potential availability of geothermal sources, the Kingdom has not made any serious advances in the sector. 10 thermal springs have been identified, with temperatures ranging from 50ºC to 120ºC.HydropowerSaudi Arabia has no economically-viable hydro-electric power sources.BiofuelsPartnerships have been formed between Saudi companies and foreign investors for the production of biofuels. Plantations have been converted to grow Jatropha curcas, with a 5,000 hectare trial plantation. However, governmental support for the technology is low, with ministers suggesting solar energy is a more suitable energy-secure and environmentally-friendly fuel source.

Energy framework

The King Saud University in the Kingdom has established a sustainable energy technology masters and PhD program, initially focusing on wind, solar, hydrogen and nuclear energy sources.The King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) recently announced a new initiative to construct solar-powered water desalination plants, reducing energy costs in the sector by up to 40%.Demonstration projects, along with some research and development projects, have been implemented in several academic bodies across the region, including the KACST, to study the potential for renewable energy transition, under the guidance of the Gulf Co-operation Council.King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) started a National Energy Efficiency Program (NEEP) in 2003 with a technical support by the UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) and funding by Saudi ARAMCO, Saudi Electricity Company and Saudi Basic Industries Corporation. The programme implemented energy auditing in the industrial and commercial sectors, utility load management, setting policies and regulations for residential buildings and energy-consuming appliances efficiency such as energy efficiency labels and standards for air conditioners, electric motors and lighting and energy efficiency codes for new residential buildings, improving energy efficiency information exchange, promoting energy services and private sector investments and utilization of efficient technologies, and was completed in 2009.The National Energy Efficiency Program (NEEP) Phase 2 started in 2012 with a support by the UNDP. The project focuses in four major outcomes with overall goal of capacity development for the new Saudi Energy Efficiency Centre: design of the first Energy Conservation Law and related action plans and regulations; design and establishment of a new national energy information system; design and implementation of extensive training programmes for energy manager and leaders; and design and implementation of nation-wide campaign on energy conservation.The Saudi government and its agencies, in cooperation with the Riyadh-based King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST, www.kacst.edu.sa/), have begun building a desalination plant using solar power. The plant will have a capacity of 10 megawatts and a reverse osmosis plant that utilizes solar energy technologies.

Source
Static Source:
  • Guidelines for Energy Efficiency in the Tourism Sector: Strategy, Design, Systems, and Operations Approach

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This guidebook provides actionable guidance for improving the energy efficiency of the tourism sector. It is intended to help public and private sector planners, developers and designers, and the management and operating staff in the tourism sector understand options for energy systems, design and management practices that minimize the consumption of energy and reduce environmental impacts.

  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Project Outputs Database (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This web-based database provides detailed project output documents from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) projects. The database contains output documents from specific types of energy access, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programmes. These documents can be searched based for certain technologies or particular countries. Output documents are in English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Portuguese. REEEP projects aim to improve access to clean and reliable energy in developing countries.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Renewable Energy: Markets and Prospects by Region

    Type: 
    Publication
    Renewable Energy: Markets and Prospects by Region
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This information paper complements the International Energy Agency's 2011 report, "Deploying Renewables 2011: Best and Future Policy Practice" (http://www.iea.org/w/bookshop/add.aspx?id=414), and is intended to provide more detailed information on renewable energy markets, policies, and deployment. The paper provides information about current levels of renewable energy deployment worldwide.

  • Investing in Renewable Energy in the MENA Region: Financier Perspectives

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    Presented from the perspective of leading renewable energy financiers from London and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), this report describes the opportunities and challenges of renewable energy finance in the MENA region. The MENA region is attractive to investors today for several reasons; however, policy and regulation are central to investment conditions. Most MENA governments do not have a national renewable energy regime in place, making investment decisions in the region challenging.

  • REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report: Asia and the Pacific

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    With a focus on Asia and the Pacific, this webinar—part of a series—presents the findings of REN21’s Renewables 2012 Global Status Report, which addresses the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years.