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Rwanda

Official Name:
Republic of Rwanda

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Faustin Munyazikwiye
Position:
Director of Climate Change and International Obligations
Emails:
fmunyazikwiye@rema.gov.rw

Energy profile

Rwanda (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In 2009, approximately 7% of the population had access to electricity, in total. Of the 90% of the population who live in rural areas, only 1% had access to electricity.Grid extension has been extremely limited, and economically justified only to meet rural industrial loads and emerging population clusters. The electricity grid consists of 3,300 km of 110 kV, 70 kV, 30 kV and 15 kV lines, with the primary concentration of grid connections running from the West to the North of the country.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energy Average horizontal irradiation is 5.5 kWh/ m2/day. Rwanda is also home to the largest single solar installation in Africa - the Kigali Solair plant- which generates 250 kW and feeds into the national electricity grid. The plant was funded by the German municipal power company Stadtwerke Mainz, and installed by Juwi in 2008.Wind energy The Ministry of Energy recently commissioned a feasibility study to determine the wind power capacity of Rwanda. This National Wind Atlas is being developed with the help of the Belgian government. Wind energy is currently exploited only in decentralised off-grid applications.Biomass energy An estimated 2.3 million tons of wood fuel are consumed in the country annually. The Rwanda Energy Management Authority (REMA) estimates that Rwanda has a deficit of 4 million cubic metres of wood fuel, due to extensive deforestation, and over-reliance on biomass for heating and light in rural areas. Also, as the majority of rural biomass is foraged, market mechanisms to improve the quality of fuel will be slow to take effect. Fuel-wood caps are to be imposed in several districts of the country to combat this. Aforestation measures, accompanied by a concurrent reduction in biomass consumption, aim to increase the forested area of the country to 23.5% by 2012. The country also has significant peat reserves, estimated at 155 million tonnes in 2008. GIZ are supporting the development of the National Biogas Development Program, which aims to install upwards of 15,000 biogas digesters for schools and farming households, to provide biogas for cooking and lighting, and reduce dependence on fuel-wood. Plans have also been put in place to increase national annual biodiesel production to 16 million litres, and install an additional 1 MW of biogas-fired power capacity.Geothermal energy Potential exists for between 170 – 320 MW of geothermal power generation, due to the country's proximity to the geothermal resource of the Great Rift Valley. Studies have indicated thermal waters with temperatures of up to 150ºC.Hydropower Hydropower potential in the country is estimated to be 500 MW, with only 72 MW having been exploited.The country has substantial hydroelectric resources, as well as natural gas deposits under Lake Kivu, which could make Rwanda self-sufficient in electricity, or even a net exporter. But the development of natural gas power plants, or new dam construction, requires both time and investment. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Infrastructure is financing 11 hydropower plants with installed capacities from 100 kW to 9.5 MW. GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, formerly GTZ) are also providing support to MININFRA for the promotion of SMEs in the small-hydro sector. Three companies have currently commissioned small-hydro projects, with a combined capacity of 755 kW, with a further 3.6 MW under consideration from 10 other projects. By 2015, the Government hopes to have promoted an additional 45 MW of small-hydro capacity in the country.

Energy framework

Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS)The EDPRS covers the period 2008-2012, and is the medium-term framework for achieving the country’s long term development aspirations as embodied in the Rwanda Vision 2020, and the intermediate targets of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Energy Sector Strategy has been developed to support sustained growth in the economy, and raise the standard of living for the Rwandan people by improving access to modern forms of energy at the household level. Objectives include the grid-electrification of 16% of the populace, as well as the provision of reliable electricity supply, through either on- or off-grid measures, to 100% of health centres and 50% of schools. Other objectives include a revision of the currently-outdated tariff structure to better reflect costs, and the establishment of a favourable legal and institutional framework for increased private sector participation. New laws for the electricity and gas sectors are currently being discussed in Parliament.National Energy Policy 2008The Energy Policy for Rwanda which was updated in November 2008 laid down the Government’s commitment to the development and utilisation of renewable energy resources and technologies and energy efficiency promotion. National Energy Strategy (2008-2020)The principal objective of the energy sector is to contribute to accelerated sustainable socio-economic development. A number of objectives for the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency are included in the strategy. These include; the further diversification of energy sources, including exploitation of the country’s geothermal potential and the increased use of solar water heaters; the increased use of CFLs in households and businesses to reduce energy consumption, energy auditing for industries, and information campaigns on good energy management practices.Government policy to promote rural electricity access is primarily based on the extension of the transmission and distribution network, operated by the EWSA. However, where customers are not centralised enough for economic grid extension, solar PV, generators or hydropower may be offered through private suppliers. The Electricity Access Roll-out Program (EARP), jointly-operated by the EWSA and MININFRA (and supported by a number of development partners, including the ADB, the Belgian Government, the JICA and the World Bank), is the implementing program for grid and off-grid electricity access improvements, as set out in the EDPRS.

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Institute of Natural Resources NPC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The INR is a non-profit organization that works towards the wise use of natural resources in pursuit of sustainability for the good of the environment and the society, through multidisciplinary applied research. The INR provides strategic and operational support to develop cutting edge solutions that support the resolution of natural resource challenges, in partnership with government, civil society, the private sector and other leading research organizations.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • SNV Netherlands Development Organization

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation founded in the Netherlands 50 years ago. SNV helps people overcome poverty in 38 of the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America by enabling access to thetools, knowledge and connections they need to increase their incomes and gain access to basic services. SNV works in three key sectors - Agriculture, Renewable Energy and WASH - and in the cross cutting themes of lnclusive Business, REDD+ and Climate Smart Agriculture.

  • Roedl & Partner

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Roedl & Partner is a globally active professional services firm with approximately 4,000 employees and physical presence in 78 countries, including developing countries. One focus area of Roedl & Partner is public Management Consulting, which covers the energy sector. Roedl & Partner's interdisciplinary Renewable Energy team offers comprehensive business, legal, regulatory, and management consulting services to renewable energy sector clients worldwide. Roedl & Partner manages the Geothermal Risk Mitigation Fund (East Africa).