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Portugal

Official Name:
Portuguese Republic

Energy profile

Portugal (2013)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The Portuguese electricity grid is connected with Spain’s; the interconnection capacity is approximately 10 % of the demand.Portugal currently has relatively few interconnections with France and Spain. To reduce splitting in the Iberian Electricity Market, an investment programme has been put in place to increase the capacity of interconnections with the Spanish transmission network. It includes the construction of a new 400 kV line and the construction of two new 400 kV interconnections. They will almost double capacity. Under the European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR), REN received EUR 45 million to reinforce the two interconnections with Spain (Douro Region and the Algarve).

Renewable energy potential

SolarPortugal has a high solar potential, one of the European countries with the highest solar radiation availability. By the end of 2011, Portugal had installed 143.6 MW of photovoltaics. A large photovoltaic power project, the Serpa solar power plant, has been completed in Portugal, in one of the Europe's sunniest areas. The 11 MW plant covers 150 acres (0.61 km2) and comprises 52,000 PV panels. The panels are raised 2 metres off the ground and the area will remain productive grazing land. The project will provide enough energy for 8,000 homes and will save an estimated 30,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per year.Wind EnergyThere has been a rapid development of the installed capacity of wind energy in Portugal, considering that the capacity in 2005 was 1.065MW and in 2009 this number has tripled and has reached 3.500MW. Wind energy is the second most developed renewable source in Portugal, just behind hydropower, and according to APREN’s forecast, it can represent 30% of the electricity generated in 2020BiomassPortugal has a high biomass potential which can be used in energy production, although it is already used by pulp and paper industries and furniture industries. The potential use of biomass has a tendency to increase, however it is necessary to invest in the management and sustainability of the Portuguese forest.HydroPortugal has a large potential still to be developed in terms of large-hydro capacity. In past last years, hydro-electric production has grown less than in the other European Countries. At the end of 2007, a National Plan for High Potential Large Hydro was published, aiming at bringing hydro capacity up to 7,000 MW in 2020.

Energy framework

Concerning the national policy structure and the respective instruments in the Energy sector, the National Strategy for Energy 2020 (Estratégia Nacional para a Energia 2020 – ENE 2020) is the main policy document, and frames the strategy for the energy sector in Portugal till the year 2020. This instrument was approved in 2010 and their main objectives are:reducing Portugal´s energy dependence through an increase in energy production from endogenous resources;guarantee the fulfilment of the agreements assumed by Portugal in the context of the climate change policies;reducing in 25% the energy imports balance with energy produced by endogenous sources;creating wealth and consolidating an energy cluster in the renewables sector in Portugal;and developing an industrial cluster associated with the promotion of energy efficiency.In what concerns energy efficiency and renewable, Portugal has two important policy initiatives for the fulfilment of the EU´s objectives. The PNAEE - National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (Directive 80/2008) and PNAER - National Action Plan for Renewable Energy, that, together with the National Plan For Climate Change (Directive 104/2006), form the backbone of the Portuguese Policy towards the 20-20-20 EU Strategy.The PNAER (National Action Plan for Renewable Energy) establishes Portugal´s objectives concerning the quota of renewables in the consumption of energy in 2020, considering the energy used in the transportation, electricity and heating and cooling in 2020, identifying the measures and actions predicted in each of those sectors.The PNAEE (National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency) focus the promotion of energy efficiency in the areas of transportation (urban mobility, public transportation, incentives for car changing and efficient technology), residential sector and services (retrofitting, efficient equipment, renewables, and certification), state and behavioural measures.Both PNAEE (National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency) and PNAER (National Action Plan for Renewable Energy) suffered a revision process in 2012, and were approved in February 2013, being the main objective in the revision of the PNAER the projection of new targets to 2016 considering the main concerns in reducing primary energy to 2020, while the changes in PNAER reflect concerns that take into account the new economic scenario and the resulting reduction of the demand and excess in the energy offer.The government has placed a strong emphasis on increasing the share of renewable energy generation, the share of environmentally related revenues is higher than the OECD average and the share of public research and development (R&D) spending related to the environment is among the highest in the OECD.

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  • Challenges for Investment in Renewable Electricity in the European Union

    Type: 
    Publication
    Challenges for Investment in Renewable Electricity in the European Union
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This report serves as a background report of the main report of the Assessment and Dissemination activity on Major Investment Opportunities for Renewable electricity in Europe using the REBUS tool (ADMIRE REBUS) project. The report focuses on challenges that arise from changes in political support systems, lead time, and risk with respect to investment in renewable energy sources for electricity (RES-E) technologies. It discusses which tools and strategies can be used in order to overcome these challenges.

  • Putting Carbon Back Into the Ground

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    Putting Carbon Back Into the Ground
    Publication date:

    This report analyses the role that carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology could play in abating increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) while having minimal impact on the global energy infrastructure and the economy. The report examines the potential environmental and economic costs of CCS technology.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
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    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Climate TransAct (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This website identifies efforts on the part of governments in North America, Europe, and Japan to create sustainable public-private freight transport programs. The content and resources may be useful for other countries attempting to create a sustainable freight system. The information page includes a list of energy and emissions calculation tools, performance indexes, and a list of initiatives undertaken by select governments.

  • Sustainable Logistics (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    Sustainable Logistics offers tools to help companies develop sustainable logistics through their supply chain and business operations. The website includes a toolbox that employs a large range of resources to determine the emissions and sustainability levels of organizations. This toolbox helps identify sustainable and greening tactics that can be adopted across the freight industry.

  • Photovoltaic Geographical Information System

    Type: 
    Publication
    Sectors:

    This tool provides a geographical inventory of solar energy resources and an assessment of the electricity generation from photovoltaic systems in Europe, Africa, and southwest Asia. The tools allows for analysis of the technical, environmental, and socio-economic factors of solar electricity generation. Users may access maps and posters generated using the tool, as well as technical publications and papers.

  • Transport Research Knowledge Centre (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The Transport Research Knowledge Centre (TRKC) provides an overview of transport research activities at the European and national level.

  • Greening Household Behaviour: The Role of Public Policy

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This report evaluated the role of public policy in encouraging conservation in a residential setting. It interprets the results of an Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) survey sent to over 10,000 households within the OECD area on home water use, energy use, personal transport choices, organic food consumption, and waste generation and recycling. Analysis of the responses offers insight into the market, demographic, and policy factors that actually influence people’s environmental behaviour and consumption patterns.

  • Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party

    Type: 
    Publication
    Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party
    Publication date:

    This summary document provides an overview of energy efficiency policies and planning across all sectors in International Energy Agency (IEA) member countries. It contains an overview of changes in policy context by country, as well as updated data on energy consumption and intensity. The majority is devoted to summarizing significant policy developments in the following sectors: buildings; transport, lighting, and appliances; public sector; and industry and energy management.