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Poland

Official Name:
Republic of Poland

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Agnieszka Kozlowska-Korbicz
Phone:
+48 22 57 92 855
Emails:
agnieszka.kozlowska-korbicz@mos.gov.pl

Energy profile

Poland (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Virtually 100% of Polish households have access to electricity.

Renewable energy potential

As Poland has limited hydropower and geothermal potential, wind power, biogas and biomass are expected to be the primary sources of new renewable energy. Limited solar applications for water and space heating are also expected to grow.HydropowerPolish hydropower resources are limited. There are 12 large hydro-electric power stations with an installed capacity of 2271 MW. Low soil permeability, in conjunction with a low average elevation, mean hydro-electric power generation has limited potential in the country. Hydropower currently contributes about 3.5% of the total RES productionBioenergyBiomass will continue to be important until 2020. There is a large potential to use biomass and biogas as an energy source, especially in the rural areas.Energy generation from fuel-wood, forestry residues, agricultural residues and surpluses have experienced the most development in recent years. The use of coal has been reduced or replaced by the conversion of existing plants to industrial and individual heating plants, district heating and CHP plants which use biomass.Wastewater treatment plants, agricultural and livestock activities and landfill projects to produce energy from biogas are being implemented.The use of bio-fuels (bio-ethanol and bio-diesel) is also an area that appears to be developing. This has been a priority of the Polish government.Wind energyAccording to a report published by the Polish Wind Energy Association in November 2009, 13 GW of wind energy could be installed in Poland by 2020.Wind power is the only RET in Poland ready to attract significant investment, and there is a substantial pipeline of large wind farms spread evenly over the area of the entire country. These projects could be commissioned relatively soon and will make an important contribution to meeting Poland’s target mandated by the new EU Renewable Energy Directive. In 2009, the Polish wind market continued its growth by adding 181 MW of new capacity, taking total installations up to 724.6 MW. 864 GWh of wind power were produced in 2009. 22 wind farms currently operate in Poland, and there are also single turbines or clusters of small turbines spread across the country.Solar energyRoughly 123,000 m2 of solar thermal collectors were installed in the country as of 2005, with a total capacity of about 85 MWt. Country-wide extensive research on the technical and economical feasibility of solar energy is needed.Geothermal energyPoland's geothermal energy reserve is rich in low enthalpy resources. Installed capacity currently stands at approximately 68.5 MWt, of which 26.2 MWt is from heat pumps.Geothermal resources in Poland typically range from 20 °C to 120 °C and as such would be better suited for heat generation rather than power.  

Energy framework

The 1997 Energy Law marks a major milestone in the process of adapting energy economy to market principles. Its purpose is the regulation of the energy market and the national energy policy. The Energy Law establishes the base for third party access (TPA), independent power producers (IPP), renewable energy sources (RES), least cost planning (LCP), integrated resource planning (IRP), energy regulatory authority (ERA), demand side management (DSM), and energy efficiency labels (EEL). One of the main targets stated in the act is to achieve efficiency in the production, distribution and use of energy and fuels. The latest amendment was on 21.10.2009.According to the Polish Energy Law, the government is obliged to publish a document on Energy Policy every four years. The Council of Ministers adopted on 10th November 2009 “The Energy policy of Poland until 2030", which is a starting point for a debate on the country’s energy strategy. The main priorities outlined in this document concern energy security, economic competitiveness, nuclear power, increasing environmental protection and improving energy efficiency.For the use of renewable energy sources, the document sets out the following targets: achieve 15% share of RES in final energy consumption by 2020, and 20% share by 2030. It is also planned to achieve, by 2020, a 10% share of biofuels of the market of transport fuels, and increase the use of second-generation biofuels.The main measures include:stimulating development of RES through support mechanisms (green certificates)introducing additional support instrumentseffective use of biomass (agricultural biogas installations, 2nd generation of biofuels)creating conditions for building offshore wind farmsdevelopment of RES supported by European Funds In June 2007, following the requirement of Directive 2006/32/EC, the Government of Poland prepared the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan aiming to achieve the imposed by Directive indicative target 9% for energy savings in 2016 and an intermediate target of 2% in 2010. The document contains the list of innovative measures and funds, which will enable the achievement of assumed goals. The energy efficiency becomes the important element of the state energy policy. The draft Energy Efficiency Law, approved by the Council of Ministers in October 2010, has been passed by the Parliament on April 15, 2011 and awaits the President’s approval.   The Law introduces the White Certificate Programme (WCP) to encourage energy efficiency.    

Source
Static Source:
  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
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    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.

  • World Coal Association

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    World Coal Association is the global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. The WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. World coal organization's regular policy analysis, workshops, media updates and strategic research provide access to  the highest level of information on the global coal industry and its role in energy, climate and sustainable development issues. 

     

  • Urban Poor, Video narrated by Angélique Kidjo, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Approach:

    Although urban centers are often ill-prepared to meet the basic needs of rapidly expanding populations, the urban poor are incredibly resourceful people, with their own networks and the proven capacity to save and invest in the betterment of their communities. Climate change can stimulate action that improves and transforms the most vulnerable urban communities.

  • Connecting the Sun: Solar Photovotaics on the Road to Large-Scale Grid Integration

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    This study prepared by the European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) aims to provide a holistic vision of how solar electricity will be integrated in the electricity system. The work involved interviewing several network operators, both at transmission and distribution level, so as to identify best practices and build recommendations on the basis of real-world experience. The identified challenges have been answered with existing and potential future solutions, making the best use of PV systems capabilities, which are today vastly underestimated.

  • Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Activities

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This publication looks at current trends in land-use change and how things may change in the future as a result of climate change around the globe. The authors provide information on current efforts in sustainable management, case studies of ongoing efforts and suggestions for responsible management.