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Nicaragua

Official Name:
Republic of Nicaragua

Energy profile

Nicaragua (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2010): 74.6% (78% if illegal connections are taken into account)Urban rate: 73%Rural rate: 30%.55% of national coverage is still among the lowest in the region and well below the 94.6 average for LAC.In 2004, the National Energy Commission (CNE) developed the National Plan for Rural Electrification (PLANER), which established goals and investment figures for the period 2004-2013. Its objective is to bring power to 90% of the country’s rural areas by the end of 2012.  The Rural Electrification Policy was approved in September 2006 as the main guide for implementation of the PLANER.The Nicaraguan electricity system comprises the National Interconnected System (SIN), which covers more than 90% of the territory where the population of the country lives (the entire Pacific, Central and North zone of the country). The remaining regions are covered by small isolated generation systems.

Renewable energy potential

Nicaragua has the potential to produce over ten times the current national demand from renewable sources. Despite this, the country currently depends on imported oil derivatives to generate roughly 75% of its electricity.The Energy Ministry has been working towards the long term aim of transforming the infrastructural framework of energy generation in Nicaragua so that by 2014 eighty percent of the electricity produced in the country will come from renewable sources. As part of this plan private and mixed international and national companies have been given contracts to develop six different geothermal generating plants, five hydro-electric plants, three wind power plants and one biomass plant to generate a total of 597 MW by 2014.HydropowerNicaragua has a total installed hydroelectric capacity of 100 MW.. Hydroelectric gross potential is of 3,760 MW. Within the Electricity Support Program, Nicaragua will strengthen its power system by rehabilitating two major hydro-electric plants with the help of a US$40.2 million loan approved in December of 2008 by IDB. The funds will be used to rehabilitate the Santa Bárbara and Centro América Hydroelectric Plants, the country main renewable energy generators.There are plans for the construction of new hydro-electric plants. In 2006, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE) and the Government reached an agreement by which the BCIE will provide US$120 million in the next five years (2007-2012) in order to finance several hydro-electric projects:- Modernization of the Centroamérica and Santa Bárbara plants, which generate 50 MW each.- US$37 million for the design, construction and initial operation of the 17 MW Larreynaga hydro-electric plant, to be located 161 km North of Managua, in the Department of Jinotega.- US$42-45 million for the design, construction and initial operation of the 21 MW Sirena-Los Calpules hydro-electric plant.In March 2008, the Irani Government approved a US$ 230 million credit for the construction of a 70 MW hydropower plant on the Tuma River in the northern department of Jinotega. Nicaragua plans to expand its hydro-electric resources at a small scale by constructing 30 small-scale hydro-electric power stations.Wind energyIn February 2009, the country began operating 19 windmills that have the potential to generate 40 MW.Geothermal energyNicaragua is endowed with large geothermal potential thanks to the presence of volcanoes of the Marribios range along the Pacific Coast. However, the country is still very far from exploiting this natural resource extensively and efficiently. The larger of two operating geothermal plants is the Momotombo geothermal project, whose commercial exploitation started in 1983, when the first geothermal unit of 35 MW was put in operation. The second unit of 35 MW was installed in 1989. However, mismanagement of the exploitation led to declines in output levels down to 10 MW.In August 2008, the Canadian Polaris Energy through its local subsidiary Polaris Energy Nicaragua (PENSA) finished the Phase I of San Jacinto Tizate geothermal plant and injected 38.8 MW into the national grid. After completion of Phase II in 2010, the geothermal plant will have total installed capacity of 66 MW.Biomass energyPotential for biomass use is high. Energy balances for 2006 and 2007 show a high level of bagasse utilization for electricity by independent generators. This expertise could be rapidly expanded to further increase grid-connected co-generation.

Energy framework

The Geothermal Law (Ley No. 443 de Exploración y Explotación de Recursos Geotérmicos, reformed by Ley 472) was approved in October 2002. Law No. 443 regulates the exploration and exploitation of geothermal resources.  The Nicaraguan Energy Institute (Instituto Nicaragüense de Energía - INE) issues requests for bids once the areas are approved.The EURO-SOLAR Programme, from the European Commission’s Europe Aid Cooperation Office, foster the use of renewable energy through the installation of 600 generating kits using 100% renewable energy sources in 42 rural villages. The equipment consists of photovoltaic panels and, in some cases, a back-up wind generator.

Source
Static Source:
  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • SNV Netherlands Development Organization

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation founded in the Netherlands 50 years ago. SNV helps people overcome poverty in 38 of the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America by enabling access to thetools, knowledge and connections they need to increase their incomes and gain access to basic services. SNV works in three key sectors - Agriculture, Renewable Energy and WASH - and in the cross cutting themes of lnclusive Business, REDD+ and Climate Smart Agriculture.

  • Roedl & Partner

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Roedl & Partner is a globally active professional services firm with approximately 4,000 employees and physical presence in 78 countries, including developing countries. One focus area of Roedl & Partner is public Management Consulting, which covers the energy sector. Roedl & Partner's interdisciplinary Renewable Energy team offers comprehensive business, legal, regulatory, and management consulting services to renewable energy sector clients worldwide. Roedl & Partner manages the Geothermal Risk Mitigation Fund (East Africa).

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.

  • Orizon Consulting LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Orizon’s mission is to enable new markets and empower leaders to transform local economies through the design of enabling policies and the application of breakthrough technologies promoting market based approaches to low carbon emissions, carbon capture, and sustainable livelihoods. Orizon's team of seasoned experts provide technology solutions, capacity building and advice on policy, legal and regulatory frameworks tailored to the needs of regional, national, and local economies. 

  • World Coal Association

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    World Coal Association is the global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. The WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. World coal organization's regular policy analysis, workshops, media updates and strategic research provide access to  the highest level of information on the global coal industry and its role in energy, climate and sustainable development issues. 

     

  • Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Ireland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Environmental Research Institute (ERI) is a flagship Institute for Environmental, Marine and Energy research in Ireland. The ERI has over 300 researchers working in interdisciplinary and currently has 45 live research projects focused on climate mitigation, adaptation and understanding. Focus areas include energy modelling, marine renewables, biofuels, energy efficiency, climate adaptation platforms, modelling greenhouse gas fluxes, atmospheric chemistry and carbon liabilities.